Ѭ 1.   Pf.
Ž Ѭ:
1. 諼pᵿ .
2. ppᵿ ᡡ.
3. p pѡ ᡡ.
4. pѡ, p᡿  pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ.
5. 软 ߽.
6. 諡p p  p񽫪ѡ.

            1. 諼pᵿ .
 ᬫ pԬ pᵿ  ߿Ѽ pẽ pp
(߬, ݬ߬, ߬  ..) ߴ ҡѡ
ߡ ѫp pᵿ p߫, pѽѮ  Ѻ 
߻ѵ. Ѭԫ ѡ ԫ ѫp ߴ pᵿ - Կ
  pԡ, ү "Ἣ  "  󴺿  pԡ
 ᡿,  ԫp  ߻ߴ.
ԫ ԫѽ ᬽ pѽѡٮ Իԫ  ߯ pԿ
 Ҭ  p᡿ᵿ p pᵿ ߿Ѽ, - ᬿ
߿Ѽ  ߻ߴ   pạ pԡ Դ, pߴ 
 " p p",  ᬫpԿ, p᡿ѡ    Ѽ
 󫺼Կ p᡿ᵿ , ԫp ٽ  Ѽ߽ Ѻ
pԿ  ᡡ  Ѯ p.  ԫ  󫺼
pѫѡ ᬿ  pᵿ  һ, pѼѡ
ѡ, p߬ ѡ, Ѫ.
pᵿ pp  ߫pѼѡ  p  ѡү,  p
 ү p, Ѽ pp p. ᡿, ,    p
ԫp,  ѡߴ  ѡ, Ѽ ߫ѡ ԫp,-   ԫ 
Ἷ pԿ  ѽ  ԫ, ԫ  ""
p  pᵿ pp߫ ߽  p὿p,
pѼ Ѽ ߿, Ѽ   Ԭpԫ, Ѽ  p  Ѽ
p ҡᵿ, Ѽ Ѯ pᵿѮ  p߻.
  p١ pᵿ  Ҫ  ԫp  ԫ ԫѽ
p ѡ߿ pԿ pԿ, p޽ѡԿ  ѫp
pᵿ . 諼p  pᵿ p  ԫ
󫽿 ߫p޿ ѡٮ ߬Ѭ  p᡿ᵿ p޽ѡԿ, Ҭ
 p١,   pѽ  Ἣѡ Կ p:
߽ѽ ա, ѽѬҡᵿ, ppἼ pҬ.
ѡѡ pᵿ    ѡѼ  p߿,
ᡡ  ߽ѽ ա,  pẽ p ѽѮ
. ߽  60-70   ԫ p 񫼿p὿ ߻ѵ὿ 
߽ѽ ա (ѡp-ݽѬp  ppἼ), ߫ڿ
 p ߽ѽ ա    p ppἼ,
ԫ  ѡ߿ p޿pߴ p ѽѮ  -
pѽѮ  pạ Ѯ ᡿,  󽴯ڿߴ ߻ѵ὿Ἷ 
p  Һ ߼߽,  Ҽѯڿ ߻   pѡ 
߻ѵ߬ .
ūѽ  ( ٮ ѽ) 񫽪ѡ  ڿ p
p᡿ᵿ pᵿ p߫  p p, Ҽ p
Ҫ Ѽ pᵿ ߿Ѽ  ա߬ p  p 
 pѡѽ  Ѯ pԡ Կ.  ѡ߿ pԿ
߽ѽ ա    ѡ p١ ppἼ
pҬԫ,  ߽  pp ߫ ѡ.
Ҽ ᡿  p᡿ᵿ p ߿Ѽ  
p pἫԡ.   p pѡ pἫ,
pѽڿ ԫ Կ, - ٮ ѽ pѽ    ,
   Ѽ  ᬫ pἫԡԿ ѽ  󫺼ټ
һ   Һ ߻ѵټ p߿,  pٮ  
Ѭ  p.



              2. ppᵿ ᡡ
ߴ p߫, ԫ ᬫ ᡡ      ԡ߿ߴ? ҿԿ
ߡ, ԫ  ᡡټ  pҼѼ ᬫ- ߫ѡ, Ѽٮ
, ѡ  Ѽ-, pѺҽ ݬ߻pѡ  ..  p,
ᡡ - ԫ  pԡ, pѡ  pѽѡ p
(߽, ỿ, ߫ѡѼ, Ѯ  ..). Ἷ   ᡡ ᬫ
ѡԿ  p󽴯.  Ἣ ѽ,   ԡ, pp, 
߽үڿ ᡡټ:
     (1)        -  "p Ѽ  󿡫";
     (2)        -  "2 + 2 = 4";
     (3)        -  "p  pѬԫp".
p ٺ Ҽѡ, ԫp - ѡ pԿ (ԫ 
ٮ), p - pẼ޽ѡ, ԫ ᬫ p?   pѡ
pp ᡡ ѿpԿ (իԴ  pạټ p),   ԫ, ԫ
p  pԿ, .. ppԿ   pᵿ, ѫի񿼫
 ppᵿ ᡡ.
ppᵿ - p ppѡ ᡡ  pᵿ, p p᡿
 ߼߽. ԫ p ߿   ԫp: ԫ ppԿp
ᡡ, ᬫ pᵿѮ Ҫ p߻ ppԫp,  ᬿ  
p߼p ѡ ᡡ  .. p ppᵿ 
ߴ ѽѬ  pһ , p ԫ    p߬
(pp, Һp᡿  ԡ ỿ߿)   pټ (pѽѡ
pѼѡ  ). ᬫ p  ߴ ߬
ѬἿ (߽ pѬ ߫, ѡ ѽ), 
pἿ ա߬ ԫԿ (pҪѡ ߿  ѽ 
p񿫽ᵿ  ߽үڿ Ѯ󿴼) , , p.
pԡ pᵿ  Խ  pԡԿ ᡡ ᬽߴ 
ԫ, ԫ p ppᵿ  Ѽ ߽    pѽѡ
p,  ԫ pѼ  ᡡ  ү  ᬫ-ԫ pѽѡ
p. Ѫ ᡡټ  pᵿѮ  Ѽ ߽  ῼ-񡫺
߫. pp, p pẽ ߫ѡ " p"  "see
you tomorrow" [1]      pᵿ. Pạ ᬿ "x"  "*"
 ߫pѽ    ԫ  - pᵿ Ҽѡ, p
pẽ p "21"  "XXI" pѽ   ԫ  ߽ ( pẽ
߿Ѽ ߽ѡ).
 p ԫp     ᡡ  Կ ߫pѡ pẽү
pᵿ pạټ ѽ (pạټ ppԫp). pp,  "I"
 ppԿpߴ  Ҭ ""  ߬   
p߬ p 1,  "+"  ppԿpߴ  pᵿ ߽ѡ
 pᵿ ѡ   ߿Կ  Ѭ.  
p 󡿺   "",  ᡿ - "",    
p ( p  pѵ ԫ  ).  ߬ ۴ѡ  pẼѡ
pԿp  ѽ ۴ѡ ߫ ߽үڿ ᡡټ: "(2+2)=(3+1)", ԫ
Ὣ "ѡ  լԡ  pլԡү  񡫬ԡү",- 
 ٽ  p񻫽 ү ppᵿ Կ ᡡ, pp, 
  pԿ?
Կ pp , ԫ ppᵿ ᡡ ߿  
񫻫ѽ ѬԿ ԫp ( Կ pp - Ѭ, p,
ԫ),  ppᵿ     ѬԿ ԫp.
pp,   ԫ   ѽѬ  pټ pѡѼ ߻p
񡿼 pẫ,  ԫ p. pѡ pp pԿ󡫮
ppᵿ     ᡡ ppү Կ p
(ѡ ppᵿ), ԫp     pѽ
pԡٮ pp ԫ p.
ᬫѵ,   ᪡ٮ ߻Ѭ ppᵿ.   ԫ ޫ
p ᡡ  ߫  (ᬿ,  ߽, pᬿ),
ԫp һp󽴯 p߫ ppᵿ  ԫ ѯ ߫ ѡ,
  pѽ ѡ  ᪡ Ѽ pᵿ.
߿߬ pp: ߫ѡ "ạ ѽ, ". ūѡ
Ỵԫ  ԫ pp (p ߽ "ѽ"  ߽) p ѡ
pᵿ ߫p᡿ ᡡ.    ԫ ԡѡ p
Ỵү  ԫ ߫ѡ  Ҭ "", pp? ūp  ߬ѡ
߽Ѯ  ߴ  Ѭ, p Ỵԫ 
pԿ ߫ѡ  ѽ  ҽ.   pp. 䫻Կ, 
p߻ ߽үڿ pѡԫ :

+-----------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------+
| ƫp     |  ᡫ   |   pѽ   |   pѺ    |  ѽ  |
+-----------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------+
| ԫ |  757,7    |   123     |    78,5    |    356      |
+-----------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------+

                           P.1.1

ūp ߽ "ԫ"  ԫp p ѽ 󫺼 pү
ppᵿ ߽ p Ѯ ,  ԫ pѼ  p ߽
"ƫp"  ߴ  Ѭ.
ᬿ pẫ, ᡡ - ԫ p ѫp  ߽ (,
ᬫ  ..), ڿ pᵿ pạ ѻѡ ѡԿ.
              3. p pѡ ᡡ.

ߡ  ߻pԿ ᡡ ѽѬ   ߻᡿Ѽ
pѽ pẫ, .. pẫ, ߻pѼ   pѡ. 
p ѡ  ߻᡿ Ҭ  Կ pẫ
(߻pѼ ߴ᡿Ѽ).     ԫ p ԫ  ߽Ѽ
.
pѽ p ү   ߡ p: ߿ 
p߬. PҼߴ,     ߻ .
濼 p pѡ ᡡ   pѽѡ  Ѭԫpٮ
ٮ p pڿ ᬫ. ᬫ p  p  
߫һ ڿ,    ԫp pѡ ߫үڿ  
 ԫp Ѫ  Ѭ -  ԫ . p "ٮ
p"    ߽ ڿ,- p Ѭ  ڿ 
p᡿ѡ.
諡pҿp᡿ pѽ p  ߿ p ߴ Ѽ
pẼѡ Ѭ  pѽѡ ߬ ԫ pҬp, - p,
ԫ, ԫ , pp, p   ..   Ԭ
ᬫ pҬp   pẼѡ ԫ  ެ p.
Pạ ᬫ ԫ  ߴ  ݬp p,
p  pѪ  ߿ ᡡ.
濼 p   pạѮ, p  
p߻ppѡ ٬   (p߬).
f٬ p  ߴ  ԿѼ   һpѡ
p pڿ ᬫ,  ߡ ԫp pҿpүߴ p ٬
Ѽ pẼѡ pڿ Ѭ  pҬp p  ԫ.  
٬ p ừߴ ߽ p,  p ߻p  (p,
pp),  p p 󡿺 ( ԫ)  ߽ p  ..

  ԡѡ p     ߽, ԫ p p 
Ѭԫpټ pᡡԴ. pp, ߿Ѽ pڿ ᬫ (p)
߬ ٬  һpѡ, ԫ p  󫽴 ԡԿ  
٬  [ ]. ūԫ   ߽  p߼p 
߿ Կ "p pڿ ᬫ", ppѡ ߬
ԡѡ p  ᬫ p.
  ԫ 󴺿 ԼԿ, ԫ  ٬ү p  Ѭԫ, p
ԫ Կ "Ѭ"  ޿p ߼߽  p ᬿ p᡿ѡ 
ԫ  p pڿ ᬫ,    p ppᵿ Ѭ.
 pᵿ, pѡ  ߿ p  p߼pߴ
 Ѭ.

PҼߴ, pạ ٬   ߫pѡ pạ , pѼ
 ٬  p޿pߴ Ѽ ѡ    pڿ
ᬫ, ppԿpѼ, pp,  ᬿ pѻ᡿  p὿үڿ
 p.
pp ٬ ѡ : p ѡ ٬ (p߬, ߬
 ..) ԫ   ٬ pѡ ѽ (p߬, p߬, ߴԿ,
  ..), ٬ pҽ (p߬, տ߬  ..), ٬
᡿ ռԡ pԿ, ٬ ѡp, ٬ ppἼp᡿  ..
 p  p߼pߴ  ߻ѵ߬ pạ
٬, ԫp 󫽴 pҿp pạ p ᡬ, ,
  ..  ߬ һpѡ  p pڿ ᬫ 
pҿp᡿ ԫ p 󬽯   ߽үڿ ᬿ:

 "|", "-",   "+", "+", "+",   "+", "+",    "+", "+",   "+", "+".


 p 1.1. pѡ pp pᵿ p   p,
pѡٮ  ߻᡿Ѽ ԫ p ᬫ, ٬ pѡ
ߴԿ ѽ  p߬ ٬. ꡫ p pѡ pᵿ
  p  ٬Ἷ Կ "ừ ᡬ".
p߬ p pѡ pᵿ pѡ Խߴ 
߿ Ѽ, ԫ  Ѯ ߻ߴ ѡٮ  p
߿ - ԫ  ߬Կ, -  pѡ Ѭԫ pҿpүߴ 
ԫѬ.  pѽٮ p, pѡٮ  ߿ p, 
 pѡ   p߬ p, - pԡ  Ѽ ߽ p.
 ԫ ߼߽ p߬ p pѡ ᡡ  pԿ,
,  p,  Ѯ ppѮ ߻߫ (Ѯ
pᵿ Ѽ). p ԫ ppү ߻߫ p ߽
  󫺼 pѡ pẽ ᡡ  񿡿
p  (ݬp p). ߽ p  ү 񿡿 
Ԭ (߼.), ԫ pp ߻߫  pѽߴ 
󫺼 pѡ  ԫ Ԭ. 佴 ߿ p - ԫ ߽
pڿ ߿󫽫 ,  p߬ - ԫ ߽ p .

  pp,  p-ѽ pѡ  pẼp Ԭ 8x8 (ԫѬ)
߽  󫺼 pѡ  Ѯ pѽߴ ѽ 264.

 ѽ ߽ p pѽѡ p pڿ ߿󫽫
߿ p 󫽴 p p p߬ p. 
ԡԿ, p  p.1.1. "ի  p". ūԫ ᬿ
߻ѵ߬  ߿ pѡ ᡡ 
p, իԴ  Ἣ ѽ    p   ѯ.
 p߬,   ߿ p  ߻ ,- p ԫ
pڿ ᬿ pp 񫻫ѽ  -  . ԫ
ԫѽ  Ѽ ߽ ѡ  pᵿү Ѽ
pѽ pẫ   p pѡ ᡡ.  pѡѽ 
p߬ p  p  իp޿ ߻Ѵ ( ߫
ppѮ ߻߫) ԡ ߻ ѡ 
󫺼Կ pԬ p߬ pᵿ, - pp, ߫᡿ 
Ѽpᵿ ԡ ѫ  p.
ҪѼ p pѡ ᡡ pạѡ  ߫᡿
pᵿ pѽ pẫ  ߬Կ  ޿p ߻үߴ 
p, ߬ ݬp ߻Ѵ  p߼pߴ  ߬
pա. Ѽ pѡ p󽴯ߴ   ߬
p߬ p  ߡ p߻ѬԿ,   pẽ ѡ,
pѬ, ԫ pѬԿ󡫮 ѫp  ..
߻᡿ ߿  p߬ p pѡ ᡡ pѽ
 pẽ pѪ p   pԬ pᵿ. Կ pѪ
pẽߴ  ԫ pѡѼ pᵿ  ݬp ԫp,   
ἴԿ p  ߫ѡ ppἼټ pἿ, pڿ
ԫ   pѪ. pp, ߿ٮ pѪ   pѡѼ  ἴԿ
p ߿󫽫,  p߬ - ѽ (pڿ ԫѬ), ԫ 
Ѽ ߽ p ѽ  Ѽ ἴԿ. (p "pixel"
pѡ  ߬ "picture element" []).
佴 ߫᡿  ѡѡ ߿ pẫ (pԿp᡿) ߻үߴ
ppἼ, ԫp  ߿ټ pԫpἿ (Ѭԫټ
pԫpἿ),  p߬ pẫ - p߬ pԫpἿ.
ᬫѵ, ߿  p߬ p ޿p ߻үߴ  ԫ 
pѡ pѽ pẫ,  ᬪ  Ҭ  Կ.
pp, ԡ ỿ  ߿Ѽ Ѽ ߻үߴ  pѡ 
pҿp᡿ Ҭ pẫ,  Ҭ .pᮽ -  pѡ
Կ pẫ, ߻pѼ ߴ᡿Ѽ.

 ǺҬ .pᮽ - ԫ pѽ-ԫٮ p  ѡ ߽ѻ.  ߡ
ᬫ p Ѫ ᵿ  6 ԫѬ,  󫺼 
Ҭ, p, ᬿ pѻ᡿, ѼԿ߬, տ߬  ԡ ᬿ.

  4. pѡ, p᡿  pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ.
pѡ pᵿ  ἴԿ  -   ߡ ҡ p.
 pᵿ p᡿ߴ  ߻᡿Ѽ ߫ ߿ p, ԫp
߻ pٮ (ٮ) p pڿ ᬫ: (0  1). p
ᬫ p pѽߴ p὿ᵿѮ ỻpp  (ݽѬpټ ѼἿ),
߫󽴯ڿ Ѽա p,  ߡ ԫp Ѫ ߻᡿
 ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ. ᬫ ݽѼѡ (pp)  
ԫ ߫ԫ, ߽ Ѽ  1 (񿡿)  0 (), 
߻߫ѡ p᡿ ү p pᵿ, Ѽү  (ԫ p
pѡ  ߬ "binary digit" -  p).
ūԿ    񿡿 pᵿ  ppߴ
pټ pp. 䫻Կ,   ߫񡿬 p "  
p pἫԡ?", p ԫ , ԫ  Կ "".
ū   p ԫ, ү  pᵿ? ,   p
 ᡿,   p  ԫ ߿ᵿ  ѡ ߴ ߼߽, 
ԡ߿ߴ  pԫp߬.
ᵿ ѡߴ, ߽   ԫ  p  ᡿  
  󫺼 ԫ: ""  "".  p,   
ᬫ pᵿѮ, .. ի  ߫ԫ  ѫpѽѡԿ.
ū ,  pᡴ  ѫpѽѡ , ߽ѽ,
 pᵿ. ᬿ pẫ, ٮ p 󫺼 ԫ,
ڿ pᵿ, ߴ ټ. ѽ,  pѽ
 󫺼ү p Ѽ pᵿ.
   pᵿ, ԫү  pѡ ѫpѽѡԿ,
ᬽѮߴ   p p  ߿Ѽ ԫ  ..
pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ   p  p (ѡ p)
 p pѡ ᡡ  p (ү p) ᡫ  p߫
p᡿.  Ѽ ߽ ԫ p pի  ѡ p 
 ߡ  ѡѡ p pڿ ᬫ ().
pp,  pڿ  ѡ p (߿) p᡿ߴ 
ἴԿ     ᵿ  8- , ߫һ ԫp
p  - ߡ󡫮 ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ  p.
pԡٮ p pի   p  ѡ ߴ
Ѭp᡿Ѽ. p p p᡿  Ѭp᡿ pѽ ү
p pѡ ᡡ  pԫ . (PҼߴ, p
p᡿  Ѭp᡿  p 󽴯ߴ ԫԿ߬ Ѻ
Կ  ѽ).
    ᡡ   pѡ  p  pẽ 
 ߫ѡ  pạ ppԿp ߻ѽ ߿Ѽ
p.

 pp, ߿ "1" (񿡿)   pѡ  ᬫ
(߿)  p,   pѡ  ѽ ߽ ߫
ᬫ (+1)   ѽ ѽ,  ѽ ѽ Ѻ   
p ѽ,  ѡ ߽ (1.)   ѡ ѽ,
 ݽѼѡ ߬ pᵿ (߬ 񿡿 - "Կ")  
pѡ ߬ ᡡ. p ԫ   ᬿ 
pѡ ᡫ
 ԫ  ߫ѡټ  ppᵿ,    pẽټ ټ
ᵿ, pүڿ 񿡿.

p᡿  pѡ ᡡ  p 񫽪 ߻  ԫ
Ѫ Ѭp᡿,   ڿ pᵿ  pạ p ,
, p߫, ᡬpᡡ һ  ..

 ūիԫ p᡿ ᡫ   ѡѼ  
ᵿ  ߿󫽫 ԫ pᵿ, ѫի񿼫 
pҪѡ .
 諼p p - տ ߬ѡ pp, ߫Ѽ
pѡټ "ԡἿ"-ppἼἿ. Կ p   p߫
p  pѺ ޡ ߿ѽ (߬),  pߴ 
߫pѡ ѻp߬Ѽ ߿ᵿ  ߻߫ pԿ 
ѻpԡѮ 󻽫   p Ѯ pᵿ, ߫pᡴѼ 
p. ޿ ߻߫ p  ᬿ pἿ  p߫  - 
߻ ߫ѽ ߬. ߽ p Ҫ "pѡ", ߽
pԿߴ  "ԫp" - ߻ѵ ppἼ pҪѡ  pѡ
p߫ ( ٮ  p߫ p᡿!). ߫ү ߡ p
p󽴯  p Դ,-  p   pp 
ѽү pѼ.
 ԫ ppѡ ᡬpᡡ һ  p
pᵿ ѯ p ԡѡ  pԫp - Ҭ  p᡿ᵿ
޿p.
ԫ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ  񡫮 p  pү ѽߴ  
޿ p: pԿ  ѫpԿ.
pԿټ pѫpẫ᡿ 󫽴 pѫpẫ ᡡ  񡫮 p 
pү, ߫pᡴ 󫺼 ߫p޿ pԡ pѫpẫ᡿  pԿѮ
ѡ  ߫ѡ  իټ ᡡټ. ߽ ᬫ pԿ  
 pԡ ߫ѡ ի ᡡ  ѡټ ߽
pԡ pѫpẫ᡿,  ԫ 󽿴 ڿ ԫp -  
޿. pѫpẫ᡿  Ἷ    pᵿټ
p.

 pp, ԫp ѡ ߽,  Ἷ ԡ ߫߬
ѼԿ .f. ٽ pѡ  ߬ ٬  Khinchine, 
pԡٮ p  p߬ pѽ  "ѡ"  ѡ  pټ
ѡѼ  Ἷ 迡-ᮡ. ū-񿼫, ᮵.
ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿ ppүߴ 󫺼 pԡ
pѫpẫ᡿  ᡫѡ ի ᡡ. pp ѫpԿ
pѫpẫ᡿  ߽Ҫ ԿԿ߬ ὿ ,  ԡԿ,
pѡ ԫpἼ.

 䫻Կ, ԫ ի ᡡ pү p ỿ߿ ԫ p߬
߫ԫ (), -   ỿ ߫p ᡡ  p߫
 pѡ  ߼pԿ p  pѽѡٮ p pѼѡ (pp,
 ). ԿԿ߬ ὿ ᬫ p  ѽ pѽѡ
߫ԡѡ Ѫ pѼ  ߼pԡ   pѡѼ
ԫpἼ,  ԫp ppү ԫ  pp:  ߽
pѡ  pᡡٮ p pѼѡ (pѼ)   
߼pѮ  ԫ  p (߼pԡ). ԫ ὿ p  pѡ
ԫpἼ, ԫp   ߽үڿ :

                  +-------------+
                  | PѼ +-------------+
                  |             | pԡ  |
                  |             |             |
                  |             |             |
                  |             |             |
                  +-------------+-------------+

 PҼߴ ᡫ  ᬫ ԫpἼ pᵿ p 
󫺼.
ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ  pߴ Ѽ  ѡ 
pp᡿  ѽ ٴ, p  pѽ  Ѭԫp
ڿ Ѵ pѡ  ߬p ᬫpԿ.  ԡԿ  ߡ
ԫpἼ, Ὣ pѡ ,  ѽ ڿ
Ѽp߬ .


                 5. 软 ߽
1. pԿ.
2. 諼p pἫԡ.
3. һ, pѼѡ ѡ, ѡ, Ѫ.
4. ᡡ.
5. ppᵿ.
6. ūp.
7. 濼 p pѡ ᡡ.
8. ǽ.
9.  p.
10. f٬ p.
11. p߬ p pѡ pᵿ.
12. Pp ߻߫ p.
13. pᵿ Ѽ p.
14. p.
15. ſѽ.
16. PԿp᡿.
17. Ѭԫٮ pԫp.
18. p߬ pԫp.
19. pѡ pᵿ  ἴԿ .
20. Ѽա p.
21. pp.
22. .
23. p᡿.
24. Ѭp᡿.
25. .
26. p.
27. ūիԫ p᡿.
28. 䫬ԫp.
29. pԿټ pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ.
30. pᵿ p.
31. ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿.
32. .


           6. 諡p p  p񽫪ѡ.
1. fߴ  p p pᵿ ߿Ѽ? ƫp?
2. p  ߡҮ pp ᡡ, ڿ p󡫵ѡү pᵿ.
3.   ԡԿ ԡү ỿ  ߿ p pѡ ᡡ?
ūѼ?
4.  ᬫ p pѡ ᡡ ԡ߿ߴ Ҭ .pᮽ? ūѼ?
5. p pp pԿp᡿ ߿ pẫ.
6.     pԿp᡿ p߬ p?
7. ūѼ  pѡ pᵿ  p ߻ߴ pٮ
p pڿ ᬫ?
8. p  ߡҮ pp pԿ pѫpẫ᡿  ᡡ,
pѫpẫ᡿  Ἷ.
9. p  ߡҮ pp ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ.
ᬫ ѽ ߻᡿ ᬿ pѫpẫ᡿  ޿ pp?
10. p pp ῼ-񡫺 ߫ Ѫ p߬ 
߿ p pѡ ᡡ. ү  pԼ
pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ  񡫮 p  pү  ޿ pp?
                    p᪡ѡ
  ūp pٮ   p  ߽.

1. _______ ٮ ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ.
2. _______ ѵ ppἼ pҪѡ  pѡ p߫.
3. _______ p p p᡿  Ѭp᡿ ᡡ
4. _______ ߡ󡫮 ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ  p
5. _______ pѫpẫ᡿, ppѼ 󫺼 pԡ
pѫpẫ᡿  ᡫѡ ի ᡡ
6. _______ ūտ ߬ѡ pp, ߫Ѽ pѡټ
"ԡἿ"-ppἼἿ
7. _______ ѡ   ᵿ ԫ pᵿ, ѫի񿼫
 pҪѡ .
8. _______ pѫpẫ᡿, ߫pᡴڿ 󫺼 ߫p޿ pԡ
pѫpẫ᡿  pԿѮ ѡ  ߫ѡ  իټ
ᡡټ.
9. _______  p pᵿ.
10. _______ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ   p  ѡү.
11. _______  󽿴   p pѫpẫ᡿  p
ᡡ.
12. _______ P὿ᵿ ỻpp   ߡ ߻᡿ ݽѬp
Ѽ.
13. _______ pѡٮ p pڿ ᬫ.
14. _______ 諡pԡ, pѡ  pѽѡ p.
15. _______ Ҭ  p᡿ᵿ p pᵿ p߫ 
p὿үڿ  ߿Ѽ.
16. _______ 諽 pᵿ, pѼ  񿡿 p
 (ݬp p).
17. _______ ppἼ ߫᡿  ѡѡ p߬ p.
18. _______ 꺫p ԫ.
19. _______   ߡ ҡ p.
20. _______ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ  ѡ p  p
pѡ ᡡ  p.
21. _______ 櫺᡿  ѡѡ pᵿ pẫ.
22. _______ pѡ p߬ pẫ  ߿ p.
23. _______ ѡ ppᵿ.
24. _______ ߡ  pᵿ.
25. _______ ߽ٮ Ҽ ᡿  p᡿ᵿ p ߿Ѽ.
26. _______ p ppѡ ᡡ  pᵿ.
27. _______ 諡ٮ p pڿ ᬫ.
28. _______ ppἼ ߫᡿  ѡѡ ߿ p.
29. _______ pᵿٮ p  ѽ.
30. _______ Pạ ߿ p.
31. _______ 濡 Կ "pp ߻߫ p".