1.    

         ,    .  
              .   
  7,7 .   .      
     .
               ,  
        .        
      ,        
.          ,  
 - ,       ,    
 .            
 .     .            
,     .      
    ().            
: , , .
        .     
  :  ;  ,  ,    
   ,  ,   .
        :   1/3  
 ,   ,   , ,   
          ,  .       
    .
           . 
       ,      
      ,      .  
              
,                 
      .      
  (,  , , )    
   .       
,            ,    
      (          ).
              18%
  .
             
.        -  
       .      
        ,  ,
.            
,            
    .        
     ,        
:     ,    ,
, , .
                     
  .        19        
    ,      
     .          
  ,    90%           .
        .   
      .          
, ,  .       
  ,      -  .    
     ,   ,   ,   ,   ,
.          ,   ,
   .
               :
, , ,      ,    ,  ;
   : ,       ,
    ,    ,         ;
  .        
,  .
           ,  ,  ,
.              
 ,                .
       :      
 88% .      ,  ,
.     25 . .
             
.      .



                      2.    

                      2.1.   

                
:
   1. -: (   ,  ,  -  
          )      
       .
   2. -  ( ),     
      ,  1/5      1/6  ,  
      1/4      . 
             ,    
          ,      
        .        -   
                   
          (        ),     
       .
   3. -  (  ,   )
                (2/5    )    
      ,  .
   4.             
         .  ,  17%     
      ,   1% .      
              (,   ,   ,
      ,   )              
       .      
         (   ).  
        .



                     2.2.   

    90-        .
     5-        ,    ,
     .     (  2000  .
450 . .)    14-   .[1]
                   
     .   
  ,          3%  ,    
      12%            64%  (20%  
,       ).  
,                .
,          
  7%      ,            
,  .



               2.3.   .   

                  
           
- ?
     90-       .  1999 .  
185.8 . .,[2]     1990 .    .  
  (  )          
1990   1998 .  98.4%,    7.9%  ,     2.1  
    (3.7%).
                
 :  ,      ,
  (,   ,      
  )    .  ,        
      1998 .     
   . ,        
  1990-1997 .   136%          
 ,       64%.   
 (  84%),   ( 58%)    
 ( 31%)   ( 1.3  1.5 )  .
         ,     
    ,      .
   ,          
   80%,        32%  (
1).  1998 .,     , 9  10      
   .   ,    
 .       1998  .    45%
 .           
:   9.8 . .;    7.6;    
 4;   3.5;   3.4;      3;      2.9;
 ,  ,      2.9;        1.7;
  1.6 . ..[3]
                     
  .            
.           1998
.   :     6.5  .  .;
    4.4;        3.3;           3.2;
   2.9;        
2.4;      2.3;  ,    ,  
2.2;    2.2;    2.1 . .
                90-      
    .      50-  
     ooo  80%  apoo  copa,
pe 50% ee aao a epc. He e o oaae pae 25%. B  o  e
pe  aoao pooce  cope  yeac  o  epao
. Ha ee pxoc o 30% oap-oo copa,  Oao    90-e
o    c  c  oepea  poco  oa  poex  oapo   o
epaoo cp  cope ae caec (0 16.4%  1990 . o  12.9  
1998 .). ecoo oac  o epoocee  17% po 18.9%.
    B  cope  poeo  poy    o  oe    o  ea  poca
npeoaa oap coo opao, a 1990-1998 . x o  ye-c
oee e a 140%, oe oepe oca a pay  poex  oapo
poco opao,  poy  coo  opao  ae  eca  po
cep oapo,  x  poo  oocee  cope  p,  a
cpee    ee.  Kpyea  ca  oa    eoe  aoo   
cocae oo 7% copo poy coo opao,  pye  ca
-  o  ceae  poee  a    ac      ,   a   a
epec  poe,  pae  aapa,  oopcoe   oopyoae   
cea  exa,  eae,  poeccoae  aye    epee
pop.
    o ooa poeo poy coo opao  coppyec
 opaeoe co  ooec  pax  cpa:  Hoy  ea,  CA,
oo, Cayp,  A    o.  B  1988-1998  .  peaa  ao
poy a pax x cpa poca  cpee a 10%  o.
    Cee o  cope cecoxoceo   epao  poy
o  e  oaae    ecoo  oea  ca,  ocoeo   o
eoop a oapo, Ta,  1993-1998 . cop e  opaca  a
15.7%  o, xoa  a 19.5, cpa  opoa  a 13.5, e a 21.6%.
    pee        cy    paoo    acoc     Acpa     o
cecoxoceoo copa ee ae oxo    eca  eca
-a acx ee oyp a pox pax. epca  oa
o ca opae e yoc copo a.
    a opo apepo Acpa eeo ec o, B  1998
. oapooopo ey    oeac    30.7  p.  o,    17%  ce
opo  Acpa.  Topo  c  oe  oeceaa  e  caoe  pyoe
ooeoe  cao    4.1  p,  o,  Beye  ca  acpacoro
copa  o -  yo  (4.1  p.  o,  eea  pya  (1.8  p),
oa (1.3 p)    a  (1.3  p,  o.)  B  o  ayac
a opao eoe  (3.6  p,  o.)    pyoe  aoa  (1.6
p.) aac  x (880 .) oep (610 , o.)
    Bopo o aoc opae  CA, B 1998 . oapooopo ey  
coca 30.1 p, o, oca  CA oc 8.5 p, o.,    10%
ceo  copa,  Oya  e      caa   aea   ac   opa,
oeaeoc  21.6 p. o. B oproe   CA  Acpa  ee  ca
py e 13.1 p. o. ae oap, ocaee   CA  (1998
., , o.): eoeapoe ooo  785, oa - 750,  cpa  e  -
485, caoe, epoe  aac   - 375. Beye ca  opa  
CA - caoe  epoe (2 p. o.), oep (1.1 p.)  aac
 oepa (831 .), eoeapoe ooo (757 , o.).
    B 1998  .  peo  opoco  aee  A  a  opooo  apepa
Acpa, Oa a a 3-e eco, oa a  1997  .  a    a  6-
(,  ceye oy oa o epyac a 6-e eco). Oe  ao
opo coca 10.5 p. o.,    6%  ce  acpaco  opo,
Beye  ca  copa    A    1998  .    eoeapoe   ooo,
aooe a, yo  eea pya, a oapa,  ocya
 A,   eae,  eaa  poy,  eoe  aoa  
reeoyaooe  oopyoae.  Papoa  epx   ec   cpa   
opaeo Acpa o eeooec c pecaea   ae
2.
    Hecop a  aee ee  opo    ooeco  
Acpa, ee yace  poo poe  ce  ee  ooo  opaeo  (
1997 .  1.1%). B peyae oa o e e  a  oppoae  pox
e a cee ex eox o poy, o oop ec  a
pooee.
    ee  copo-opx  eax  oaa  ooe  e  a
opo aac cpa. B 1998 . e a ee copy  poy  opoc
a 3%, a a opy oc a 6%.  Bcece  oo  yco  opo
(coooee copx   opx  e)  yxyc  a  3%.  B  1997  .
ooee o . Toa yco opo, aoopo, yyc a 3%.
    Cpaa cyeceo paa o  epaa  eyapoo  opo.
pyac  pay  oo   e   oc   aex   oce   
poe  a  ee  p  ax  ceco-xocex  oapo,  a
oa, apaa  epo, a ae pooo pya poex e.  O
ae oo e cea  epe  a    oac  epaa  opo
ycya.  Moocopo  epaa  a   oepaa   oocopo
ec  o oac cocex cpa. Ta,   Maa  cpee  o
a 1988-1997 . cc c 27 o 19%, a ax a 1988-1998 .    c
28 o 11   Kae a 1992-1998 .  c 43 o 18%.
    cope  ycex  Acpa     aeo   cee   occ
a coceco c peoo Bocoo  o-Bocoo  A,  oop  
eee ecox ece o o acooo pca  cepe  1997
. paac  aoee  co  ea      pye  (e  50%)
opeee acpacoo copa. Ce    ec  ocox  opepo
acpacx oapo  o eo cpa Bocoo    o-Bocoo  A,
aco pc oo yap o Acpa. B 1998/99 .  o  cpae  c
1997/98 . ee oap cop  peo ya a 7%   o  44.1  p.  o.
aec pooo copaee ocao a ce  ec ocox  po,
Bpoc  cop  Ka, a   Taa.[4]
    B eec ocaoe oepae ooecoo poca aceo  o
cocooc Acpa a  oe    pacp  cape  p.    o  e
yaoc. B 1996-1998 . peo  yec  cop    Ceepy  Aepy  
Epoy, a ae a  Boco,  Apy  acy Aepy.  B  1998/99
. o cpae c 1996/97 .  y A  a  Boco o  eeo
poy cooeceo a 27  22% oe, a  a  p  o  Aep  
Ap  a 18  8%  oe.  Xo    Acpa  o  cpaeo  ae
p, poce poc opaae oc ee copepo.
    Oeo, oao, o acoc copa Acpa  o  ooeco
cya   Bocoo    o-Bocoo  A    oo  epe  coxpaec,
ceoe occaoee  yco ooec  poc  peoa  ca  
e aopo oeo  yee  copa  Acpa    ypee  ee
oo. eec ae oop o o, o  occaoee  peoa  ye
aaoc, e  oce oepe aoap yaea peopa    pe
cpa peoa.
    C  oo  eyapox  acox  ypee,   ocoeo   MB   
ocyapc-oopo,  a  Acpa,  eoope    eyx  cpa  ATP
pcy     epecpoe   acooo   ceopa,   yy   ypaee
oa  ye e aoeoc, o ec ac peee  ex
poe, oope  epy oepe  oyco yy pca,  oco
cpa ae peo epaoa paa paee apyex ec.
    ocee ae ceecy, o acpac  cop    peo
ye yeaec, B 1999/00 . . (oop  aaec  1  )  cop
oapo  ycy oc a 12%. Haoee  aeo    a  16%    poc
o     ececoxocex          pox     oapo.     cop
cecoxoceo poy  ycy opoc a 8%.  Poc  oa  coca
(%):  o  13, y Kope  21, Taa  12, oo  4, KHP    26,
CA  20,  EC  4.
    B eo cop  Bocoy  o-Bocoy A yec a 17%, a 
pye cpa a 9%.[5] oy aopcoao  eoopoe  cee  ypca
acpacoo oapa   opeeeoe  oee  pox  oapx  e  
peyae yye oyp.



                    4.    

     - ,      
  120-170  .  .,          
.  2001 .    141,5 . .,   
 10,3 . .
          . 450 .
.          1990  .      
   .
      1973  .     -   
    -    ().    1984  .  
       Д,      
   Ô.        1996  .    
-                 100
   .
        -  
. 6   2000  .        C  
  . 23    2001  .      
   -      ..      
,     .    C
           ,
       
     (-      ).  
          
                ,      
                 
  ,       
.            
          
.           
 .



                            2.5. . 

    cp   poc   ee   opo   Acpa   a   ocee   o
copooaec ae yeee ee ex px  aaooe.
B 1997/98 . . x oe coca 6.4  p.  o.  o  cpae  c  5.7
p. o.  1996/97 , . Ha 30    1998  .  oe  paep  ex
px ec oc 90.6  p.  o.  paa,    a  40%  ee
oea ocpax ec  cao Acpa. Xapaepo, oao, o  a
oceee ecee ee cocee pe ec a pyeo o  ea
ppoca  (  cpee  11.4%    )  oepea  oe  ocpax  px
aaooe  ooy cpa.[6]
    o eaeo pee acpace  apyee  ec  paeac
a  opao    CA,  A    Hoo  ea,  opaa  coec
paoe opoe  ooece c.  o  oce  a,  a  30
 1997 . a o  A  pxooc  20.7  p.  o.  (31%  ex
ec CA - 19.6 p. (29%), Hoo ea -7.1  p.  o.  (10%).
Oao c ycee opox ce c aac peoo opoc  ec
pee ceo  ooe (  5.7  p.  o.),  Caype  (1.2  p.)  
oe (0.8 p. o.).[7]
    Bee pe  ec  a  aoe  eco    cpae  ox
acpacx p. Cee opox apepo, oce    exoo  
opoca oypeococooc oya x  apoa  ecoy
eeoc a pyeo. Opac a  co  oypee  peyeca,  o
y oe  p,  ye  co  cp    pao  c  oee  
epa pooca.
    Opoc p,  cax  c  eeooeco  eeoc,  oaa
ceye  o,  oyae    apye  aaooe:  apa
oooce poca,  oee  oypeococooc;  oeceee  yco
 epe  a  oe  p,  ocy    oao  pepaeco
ccee.
    Ao ecy a pyeo acpace a,  ocoeo  a  AH,
yopy a peea  Acpa    Hoo  ea  pepo    40
cpaax. o pye  oxooeaco  peoe  a  ee  opy
ce ao, oeceax peoae opo    pyx  oepecx
oepa.  Aoe  pcyce    ocox  pox  acox  epax,
pecaeca a pyx ex pax  oepa  apy.  epe  y
opy  ce  AH  oeceae  pee   ceo   aoce   ycy   o
oepa eeoc cox acpacx  ooeacx eo.
Haxoac    aao  Acpa    caac   eca   peyceae
eepa    cpoea  oa  a  p  ooa   aao
pacpe cox eyapox ce oee 30  e  aa.  o  ooa
oxoo  oa  ocyae  -a  pa.  Hapy  c  aoee  py
ec  oecy  oep  oa  T  epc  T  Ka
pacoaae aa  yae,  Hope,  acae,  aya  Hoo  ee,
Caype, Taae  A.
    Ka ceapyec a papaoe yooox ex   aox
ecopoe. , oa oa yacoaa   cpoece  oeo
a pyeo, oa ceoaa ya a py acpac  ea.  Teep
e  aea  ac  ee  pao   ocyecec   o   aaa   pyx
eyapox oa,  o  2/3  oea  ax  pao  pooc  a  ee
coce ce. Heao pa paa  eep  a  poeee  ee-  
aopapaoo  Kaae  Ceepo ope.
    Koa Hop, oa ee  XIX ., oae eey pyy,  ypa,
e  ooo, a ae ee  ope  ecopapao    Acpa,  ee
py o oe a    e,  papaaae  ae  eeo  py  
Kaae, eo py  ooa  Apee, yacye  ocax  eaecx
py  a  pae.  Ooo  25%  paeaeo  e   aoepoo   aaa
axoc  a  peea  Acpa.  Oepa  Hop  a   acpac
ceaca oooc,  paoa  a  pyeo,  popea  e  o.
Koa ee popay oea ceaca,    acoc  co  ee  
Kaao.
    Koa  B  poyoy,  aa    paeaeo  ece   
ype,  c  aaa  90-x  oo  aeo  pacpa  co  oepa  o
opoay    apyex  cpaax,  ocoy     cao   Acpa   
oooc . Koa ocyeca ec   oycp  17
cpa,  o ce  A  Epoe, a ae  Apee    Hoo  ea.
 ac cox pe oa oyae   Acpa,  o  paccae  
ae o oya x  ocoo -a pa.
    Koa ex opace poeoc, oope oepac  cpyyp
ee, aacy aey ac coe  eeoc  epeopepy
a apyee cpa,  ocoy  pooee  cox  oepa    Acpa
ca  eae  eo.  Oao  o  e  oaae  ooo  pepae
aoc  cao Acpa. aco oee eee pooca  epeeac
a   pay,   a   oee   opoocoe   ocac      cpae.   Hepeo
epeapoae a pye  coae  yco    epe    pye  cep
eeoc  cao Acpa.
    ye  ep  ec   pyee   oae   o   poocy
pooocex  oapo  e  oo      Acpa,   o      o   ce
acpaoaaco peoe.  Cpec  opec  eyapo  xapaep,  oa
paepya co poocey  opoo-pacpeeey ce oee  e
  40  cpaax.  Oeo,  o  e   poo   epaoaa   coe
eeoc oa e oac  ex ycexo.
    Bopacaee cooae epoo oep  epea  ooe
acpac pa, ecpy co  aa  a  pae,  coxpa
eoope    eeoc         Acpa.   Hapep,   acpa
aaepc op. ee co  pep    oe,  Maa,  CA  
Beae.  opaooo epa   Acpa  epcoa  peae  poe
e acoc o oo, e o o.
    Bao po ec acpacx p a  pyeo  c  e
oo opeoc  ocaax cooaeceo poy    ocya
p ee cooa, o  coae ycoo poo ce.  o  ocoeo
oocc  oee coo  exooec epeoo .
    AHKA - , opepoaa oe pa, pooa a aoe
 Meype cooaecee  eaopeye  .  Ee  cop  opoc
pepo c 30% oea pooca  1991  .  o  o  100%    acoee
pe.  Koa  ocyece   opoocoe   oca      ocyae
oopyoa o pa, epa, A  CA.
    pooee   acpacx   p   a   pay   aco   oeae
cpaeec  co  c  apye  pa.  Ooe  pocpac   o
eopax coae o peypx eox cx o oca  ooopo
ey pa  o  aooo  coeco  eeoc.    peaa
eoopx  pyx    opox   poeo   (apep,      opooae
poeoc    pacpyype)  opayc  ca.  ocee  aco
pea eoope oee ee    cpee  o  paepa  acpace
p  acoo yac  poee, o a pyx ycox o    
x eooo.
    Beca a ye ca  pooa opaca  o  coe  aoc
ee  acpace  ec      eeya   aa.   Hoe
exoo  poecc oaa cepee opao    a  epeay
a a paccoe, ocoeo c oo  epea.  Acpace  yee
aee,  pee  ceo  ce,  coy   opaec   oooc,
ecpy co eeya aa    apyee  yee  aee
ye opaa coecx pep.
    O  aoee ax  o pae  copa  eeyaoo
aaa ec Moac yepce (.  Meyp),  ca  py  y
Acpa, oop opaye  poo yee ypc a pae.  K  2003
. o aepeaec coa oay ce oye,  paccay  a  ce
ax popa. apyee ec yepcea aee  a  o,  o
cea   eo   po   oye   pooo   ypo.    peoaaec
cooa cay oce opaoaey    opaoy  exoo,
opac p o a ce epo,  o ce    ypeex  coeco  c
py ye aee.
    Co ep yepcec opoo e Acpa Moac yepce
ocoa  coe Maa Kyaa yype. Eo coae cao c  aepee
aacoo paeca peo o opaoae ypoe  acee
cpa.  Moac   yepce   co   coe   copo   peceoa   e
opaoa     oo      eyapo      ep      oye      
ayocceoaeco pao.
    epce oo Kcea (. Taya) ec po  epo  o
opaa  ceo  opaoa  a  pacco.  oee   2/3   cex   eo
cyeo, a eo ce 3 c.  o cye,  poae  a  peea
Acpa  17 cpaax. pe cyeo   opaoa  ye  poecc
ooa c c apye ye aee.
    epce ap Cp ee xopoo opaoae  yee  ep  
Aap-Booa, axepce, ao  Baa-Bara. O ae peaae  ycy  c
oo  epea   acpac      apye   .   ocee
peac  yee o eocpeceo ca  yepceo,  o  epe
yeoe  aeee  (oe    yepce)    x  coceo  cpae.
epce ap Cp  co ocoy aay    pacpe  popa
oye  Acpa   a  ee  peea  c  oo  cce  epea  
ycaoe oee ecx ooe c apye ye ypee.



                                3. 
    pecae oop ceecye o cepex  cax    cpyype
acpaco oo    aeo  yce  ee  o  a  poo
ooeco apee  ocee ece XX . o cyecy  Acpa  e
yyca    oo  oooc,  opaec    c  c  oaae
poo oo  oppoae ee ox, opaox ep.
-----------------------
    [1] Press Release. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 03.08.2000
    [2]   ,        ,    

    [3] Composition of Trade Australia 1998. Department of Foreign  Affairs
and Trade. June 1999. P. 5-7.
    [4]   Trade   Winds?   Briefing   for    business.    December    1999.
Departme????????????????????                                   ?????????????
??????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????nt  of  Foreign
Affairs and Trade. P. 25.
    [5] Press Release, 31.07.2000
    [6] Foreign Direct Investment: the Benefits  for  Australia.  Canberra,
1999. P. 36.
    [7] Ibid. P. 37.