Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

            Consequence of building the National Missile Defense.
      The Bush administration states that given the growing ballistic
missile industry in other countries and the current political role of the
United States in the world, and especially after the attacks of September
11, 2001, the United States government has to prepare itself for attacks of
any kind. The claim is that the building of a National Missile Defense will
provide more security to the people of the United States, and will in fact
ensure the safety of every citizen of the United States within its
territory (Handberg 13). But the proponents forget to take into account the
dire consequences of building such a horrendous space weapons system.
      Since the beginning of the nuclear age, both the United States and the
Soviet
Union have been searching for effective ways to defend themselves against
nuclear attack. In the early 1960s, the Soviet Unions superiority of
invention in long-range ballistic missiles forced the United States to
reevaluate its air-defense system. This nuclear race was a major facet of
the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union. The cold war
was still fully active when president Ronald Reagan proposed the building
of National Missile Defense System. Originally, this plan called for
development of a space based weapons system that could detect and destroy
ballistic missiles of any kind, launched against the United States from any
distance, without causing harm to the people or the environment of the
United States. (Rip 3)
      Currently, chances of the United States being attacked by ballistic
missiles of long range are very low, or do not exist at all (Ellis 1). Even
though the United States government suspects that countries like North
Korea and Iran or for that matter any Islamic state, may launch such an
attack, these countries are not in possession of weapons of mass
destruction with capabilities of harming the United States.  In the book by
Anthony Cordesman called Strategic Threats and National Missile Defenses:
Defending the U.S. Homeland he states No proliferant state currently has
the ability to strike the United States with ballistic missiles. If threats
do emerge, US conventional superiority or, if necessary, offensive nuclear
forces will deter attacks on the United States (Cordesman 87).
      Up to this day Iraq was on the top list of potential nuclear threat
to the United States. The Bush administration publicly announced that they
had evidence of Iraqs possession of weapons of mass destruction. With that
promise many soldiers were herded down there only to find these nuclear
weapons and free the people of Iraq and secure the United States. As it
turned out, this was not the case. In fact weapons of destruction of any
kind, were not present in the territory of Iraq. But as the search for
imagined nukes went on, so did the death toll kept going up. This of
course brings out an excellent question. Maybe, just maybe sources other
than the Central Intelligence Agency are correct in saying that currently
there no country is capable of striking the US with ballistic missiles.
The author of The Missile Defense Controversies, Earnest Yanarealla puts it
best the USs role as ultimate judge, as the following:
      The United States sees itself as a redemptive force with a God-given
responsibility to root out evil and spread goodness throughout the world
either by shining moral example or, when necessary, by the swift and sure
military sword of justice(Yanarealla). Of course these assumptions do
leave one to question the necessity of such extreme measures.
      Although the US government is insisting on building this missile
defense system, the Pentagon hasnt thoroughly tested the system. Seven
tests of hitting an airborne target were conducted. The Pentagon states
that all seven were successful, and that the US government is ready to
start this project. But a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, Theodore A. Postol, in his article Why Missile Defense Wont
Work explains how the tests were conducted, and how they were in fact
unsuccessful. In his detailed article, he clearly explains that in the
first two tests, the system failed to distinguish between the target
warhead and a set of decoys that were shaped like warheads. Modern nuclear
missiles all launch multiple decoys along with one or more warheads.  After
this failure in the first two tests, the multiple realistically-shaped
decoys were replaced by a single large balloon-shaped decoy in all of the
later tests. In order to make the tests appear successful, the
unidentifiable decoys were removed from the test field. Dr. Postol states:
    All the problematic shortfalls in the defense system discovered in the
    first two experiments have been removed through the painstaking
    designing of a set of decoys that would never used by any adversary,
    but would make it possible to distinguish warheads from decoys in
    flight test (Yanarella 86).
This of course does not stop the Bush administration from building this
system. The administration insists on pursuing this until they get the
results they need. Given enough time and money this system will work. This
project is given the top priority and it has unlimited budget (GPO par11).
      Another controversial issue about the National Missile Defense system
is the cost to the American public. In his book David Multimer called The
Weapons State: Proliferation and the Framing of Security  says that:
      Effective missile defenses are difficult to build  not the least
because Americas adversaries have every incentive to find ways to defeat
them  and that the investment of billions would produce only a high-tech
sieve.
This project will be the single most expensive project in the history of
the United States. The Chairman of the Missile Defense Program and the AMB
Treaty Committee, Senator Joseph R. Biden, estimates the cost to be between
sixty billion and one hundred billion dollars (2). And perhaps the price
might go up to half a trillion dollars, depending on the exact system that
the US government develops (GPO 15). This amount will mean more taxes from
every citizen. Instead of spending this amount of money building the
National Missile Defense system, the US government would be better served
paying off the national debt to its citizens.
      As we all know the recent attacks of September 11 werent nuclear;
they were realized by using civilian airplanes as a weapon. These attacks
claimed more than three thousands lives. Considering the unavailability of
nuclear weapons at present, these kinds of attacks are more likely to occur
than nuclear attacks. With this notion in mind, the US government will be
better of focusing its attention, and money on increasing security at
airports, malls, or other public places. More attention should be paid on
water reserves, or campuses.
      One of more serious consequence of building the National Missile
Defense is that it would be a violation of the Antiballistic Missile Treaty
of 1972, signed between the Soviet Union and the United States as a way to
control the danger of nuclear war. The treaty bans the building of weapons
of such capacity (Nordeen 226). The US government can start this project
only with the consent of Russia, and the Russian president didnt give its
approval for the violation of this treaty. The Bush administration did
violate this treaty in 2002. The Us government has to remember that, even
after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia still is in possession of
all of its nuclear arsenal. This violation means that now the Russian
Federation has all right to start developing counter measure so that the
United States defense system could be penetrated. The violation of this
treaty also means that the Russian Federation is allowed to help any
country in the development of its nuclear weapons. Already, Russia is
helping Iran in developing its nuclear facilities, and as we know Iran is
one of potential threats to the US. The violation of this treaty puts no
restraints on Russias assistance to any country willing to build nuclear
weapons. There are many countries willing to develop such facilities for
offensive or defensive purposes, and they are willing to pay handsome
amount for such assistance. Of course this has not started as of yet, but
surely implications are there.
      At present the only state that has the power to launch weapons of mass
destruction against the United States is Russia. Dean Rusk, Secretary of
State in 1984 stated, It would be foolish in the extreme to suppose that
we could obtain any significant or lasting advantage over the Soviets in
space weaponry (Cordesman). Although the Russia of today is not the same
as the Soviet Union of 1984, it is still very powerful in the field of
nuclear weapons.  The violation of this treaty would greatly encourage
Russia to upgrade its weapons. An upgrade of nuclear weapons by Russia
could trigger another dangerous arm race, which would lead to Cold War once
again. The author of Defending America James Lindsay states that:
      Most countries, including many of Americas closest allies, warn that
missile defense will trigger an arms race jeopardize three decades of arms
control efforts.
Everybody remembers how dreadful those times were. The infusion of constant
fear and anxiety on peoples minds were beyond what words could express.
      But in the absence of a National Missile Defense system, Russia is
currently willing to decrease its production of nuclear weapons (Ellis 89).
These statistics show the superiority of Russia in nuclear weapons. It
would be a good move by the United States to do the same. In fact, these
two nations could cooperate in fighting against the unconventional
production of nuclear weapons by other states. The statistics in the book
called Strategic Threats and National Missile Defenses by Anthony
Cordesman show that the US posses 33,500 nuclear weapons, and Russia posses
62,500 nuclear weapons. If the United States agreed on nuclear arm
reduction, then this move would reduce the risk of the United States being
attacked by weapons of mass destruction. Once this nuclear arms race
between the Russian Federation and the United States begins, the
consequences of could be devastating, both for the US and Russia as well as
for the entire globe, resulting in ultimate destruction of the planet
earth.
      With Russias help, the US government could actually avoid the threat
of being attacked with weapons of mass destruction, and reduce the nuclear
production of both nations. Building bigger weapons could make the United
States more powerful, but this will increase our enemys desire to harm the
US more. This will create more hatred against Americans.  Having a more
powerful nuclear arsenal is not what makes a number one nation. The United
States and Russia could really change the world, and stop this nuclear
race, and bring peace to earth, rather than attempting to find security in
a technological solution.
      One of the overlooked peaces in this riddle is China. China does
posses nuclear weapons, and the building of the National Missile Defense
will incite China to upgrade its nuclear arsenal. China does not want the
United States to have superiority over them. Unlike Russia, China is not a
declining power but a rising one, and again, unlike Russia, China has
specific territorial issues over Taiwan over which it could conceivably
wage a war with the United States. As Saira Khan, the author of Nuclear
Proliferation Dynamics in Protracted Conflict Regions: a Comparative Study
of South Asia and the Middle East says:
      No one should be surprised, then, that Beijing looks skeptically on
President George W. Bushs claim that Americas development of defenses is
a search of security, not a search of advantage.
So as we can see China doesnt look too favorably on this issue either, and
China should be considered in making such decisions.
   Right now the building of a National Missile Defense system should not
 be the main concern of the United States government. The government should
    carefully consider everything before jumping to any conclusions. The
           building of such a system would make the United States
less secure rather than more secure at present. Besides we need to stop
this madness of nuclear race. As Albert Einstein best put it in 1946,
There is no defense in science against the weapon which can destroy
civilization.