New York

                              New York (Part I)

  New York is the largest city in the world & the biggest  seaport.  It  is
the money-center of the U. S.
  New York is situated in north-east of the USA in the state of  N.  Y.  Of
the Empire State.
  In companion with such ancient historical cities as Rome, London & Paris,
New York is quite young. It was founded in 1613 by Dutch settlers. A  Dutch-
man Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island from the Indians for 24  dollars  &
a barrel of rum. The Americans say that this  was  the  best  business  deal
ever made in New York. In 1613 the Dutch  had built only four  small  houses
in Manhattan. New Amsterdam was the  first  name  of  the  city.  After  the
English had taken over the city in 1626, it was renamed New York  after  the
Duke of York who was commander of the army.
  During the War for Independence  New  York  was  an  important  political
center & for 5 years from 1785 - till 1790, the  capital  of  the  USA.  The
population of  New  York  numbers  10  million  people,  together  with  the
population of it's suburbs it comes to 16 million people  (1910).  It  is  a
multi-national  city,  the  people  that  live  in  it,  speak  seventy-five
different languages.

                             New York (Part II)

Manhattan is the name of an island which forms the heart of  New  York.  The
island is 13 miles long, 2 miles long & lies at  the  mouth  of  the  Hudson
River. The population of Manhattan is about two million people. Here is  the
heart  of  America's  business  &  culture,  the  city  of  sky-scrapes,  of
Broadway, of Wall Street, which is the center of  American  money  business.
The street got it's name in the old day when one of the Dutch  governors  of
Amsterdam built a wall across Manhattan to protect  the  colonist  from  the
Indians. The wall was later broken down, but the name remained.
Harlem - the largest Negro ghetto is also in Manhattan. The houses  are  old
& dirty, there are few schools & few hospitals. Very many  Negroes  are  out
of work because a colored person in the USA "is the last to be hired  &  the
first to be fired". Like other capitalists cities New York is  the  city  of
deep social contrasts.