Purcell



5.1.02



  Yevgenia Semeina                  Handel and Purcell sources, spring 2002



                    Henry Purcells Voluntary in D minor


This piece- Z718- occurs without title in British Museum manuscript Add.
31446, ff 9v-10v. The piece starts with a terse fugal exposition in the
traditional manner of voluntaries, almost the same with the Voluntary in
for Double Organ, which appears in the same manuscript. These piece are
very alike for the first page, but then gradually diverge until about
halfway through, they go completely separate ways.  According to Shay and
Thompsons book the copyist of the manuscript was George Holmes (1680-
1721), pupil of John Blow, organist of Lincoln Cathedral from 1704 to 1720.

I would like to compare the manuscript of the Voluntary in D minor with one
of the modern editions of this piece  The Novello edition of 1957, made by
Hugh McLean, and with the edition of The Purcell Society made by Edward
John Hopkins.
 In the original the both hands are written on six-line stave, the right it
is in treble clef, except for the very end, where it is in the alto clef.
The left hand starts in tenor clef. A few times during the piece it will
change to bass clef in which the piece ends. The key signature has B flat
but it is missing in couple places thought the piece: bar 17 (left hand),
bar 20 (left hand), bar 52 (left hand). There is also an Alla Breve sign in
the beginning.
1. Hugh McLean changed the Alla Breve sign to the 4/4 sign, while Hopkinss
   edition has Alla Breve in it.
2. In McLeans edition in bars 8-9 the rhythm and the harmony was changed.
   In the manuscript the last beat of bar eight is the resolution of the
   previous dominant chord to the tonic sixth chord.  It follows by a
   modulation through Major tonic sixth chord and the Subdominant to the A
   Major. This progression sounds very interesting with its natural seventh.

   The editor takes away the resolution on the last beat of bar eight, he
   puts it on the first beat of bar nine. And then he puts the G sharp on
   the third beat and resolve it to the A minor chord on the last beat of
   this bar. By doing this he completely changes the color and the character
   of the cadence. The editor does not put these changes in brackets and in
   the editorial notes he does not explains why he did them.
      In Hopkinss edition rhythm of bar eight stays the same as in the
  manuscript. In bar nine the editor suggests to put g sharp for the third
                                note in bass.

3. In bar thirteen in the manuscript the fifth note in soprano is F sharp,
   which is changed to F natural in the McLeans edition.
4. In bar nine of the Hugh McLeans edition rhythm of the second beat in
   right hand is changed.
 Hugh McLean adds a few trills through the piece, but he put all of them in
5. brackets. And it was very frequent at that period to put some additional
   ornamentation for the performance.
    There are no additional ornaments in the Edward J. Hopkinss edition.
   In bar twenty-seven of the original there is a little cross above the f
   sharp in bass. Hugh McLean decided that this was an indication for the
   mistake, like it will be later in bar forty-seven, so he takes away the
  shake on that note. In the edition of Purcell Society nothing is left out
                                in this bar.
 In bar forty-seven is another cross mark but here both editions agreed that
 it was a mark for the mistake made by copyist of manuscript, he put in the
                                 wrong note.
 In the same bar Mr. Hopkins adds the quarter rest for the last beat in left
                                    hand.
       In McLeans edition it is without rest like in the manuscript.

 In general, edition of The Purcell Society is more accurate and less edited
    although Hugh McLeans edition is also very close to the original and
  except for  the changes in bars 9-10 there are not that many differences.



                                   5.01.02

 Yevgenia Semeina                        Handel and Purcell sources, spring
                                    2002

                                Bibliography
 Downes, Ralph. An organists view of organ works. Henry Purcell. London:
                              Oxford UP, 1959.

                Holman, Peter. Henry Purcell.Oxford UP, 1994.

  Hopkins, Edward John, ed. The works of Henry Purcell. Vol. 6, London and
                    New York: Novello, Ewer and Co, 1895.

 McLean, Hugh, ed. Henry Purcells organ works. London and New York: Novello
                              & Company, 1957.

       Purcell, Henry. British Museum Manuscript, Add.31446.ff9v-10v.

   Shay, Robert, and Thompson. Purcell manuscripts. The principal musical
                        mources. Cambridge UP, 2000.