Sports

SYNOPSIS



Kuznetsova Ann
From 11 class
School  1962
MOSCOW 2002

CONTENS:
1. Introduction..2
Olympic Games........2
2. The History of the Olympic Games......3
Sports in our life4
Sports in my school4
Summer and winter sports..5
My favorite sport5
Literature.....7



Introduction
Sport is probably as the humanity itself. All over the world people of
different ages are very fond of sports and games. Sport not only helps
people to become strong and to develop physically but also makes them more
organized and better disciplined in their daily activities. It makes a
healthy mind in a healthy body. Sports help people to keep in good health.
We all need to exercise. Even if you don't plan to make a career in sport
you still have to practice. Regular exercises give you more energy. That is
why many people who suffer from general tiredness should take more exercise
than more rest. Exercise makes you feel and look better. The best exercise
is one of which involves in repeated movements, those are: walking, jogging
or swimming. Bending and stretching will add flexibility and feeling of
lightness.
Among the sports popular in our country are football, basketball, swimming,
volleyball, ice hockey, tennis, gymnastics, figure skating. A person can
choose sports and games for any seasons, for any taste.
Olympic Games
The world's greatest international sports games are known as the Olympic
Games.
The Olympic idea means friendship, fraternity and cooperation among the
people of the world. The Olympic Movement proves that real peace can be
achieved through sport. The Olympic emblem is five interlinked rings: blue,
yellow, black, green and red. Any national flag contains at least one of
these colours.
The original Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in 776 B.C. The games
were for men only. Greek women were forbidden not only to participate but
also to watch the Olympics.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Then they were
resumed in London after the Second World War. Since then the  Olympics are
held every fourth year in different countries.
The ancient Greeks had no winter sports. Only in 1924 the first Winter
Olympic Games were held in France. Now they are being held regularly.

The History of the Olympic Games

Long ago Greeks often waged wars. The ruler of such a small state, Elis,
wanted to live in peace with all neighbours. He was a good diplomat because
his negotiations were successful and Elis was recognized a neutral state.
To celebrate this achievement, he organized athletic games.
The games were held every four years in Olympia on the territory of Elis.
The first games which later were called the Olympic Games were held about a
thousand years before our era.
Winners were called "olympionics", they were awarded olive wreaths and cups
of olive oil. The olympionics of ancient Grees became very popular. Best
craftsmen were chosen to make honourary cups, many poets wrote and recited
in public poems about the best athletics.
Only men could take part in the Olympic Games. Women were not allowed even
to watch the competitions at the stadium under the fear of death penalty.
Magnificent strong bodies inspired artists and sculptors. They painted wall
pictures and made statues of marble and bronze.
The Olympic Games had been held for about eleven hundred years, until the
emperor Theodosius banned them for religious reasons in 394 A. D. The
revival of the Olympic Games began long time afterwards, in 1892. On the
23rd of June 1894 the International Congress of amateur sportsmen made an
important decision: to revive the Olympic Games and to establish the
International Olympics Committee which would be responsible for the
administration of the modern Olympic Games.

Sport in my life
People all over the world are fond of sports and games. Sport makes people
healthy, keeps them fit, more organized and better disciplined. It unit
people of different classes and nationalities.
Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They go in for skiing,
skating, table tennis, swimming, volley-ball, football, etc.
All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport ground,
swimming pools, skating rinks, football fields.
Sports in my school
We have fine teams at our school and different kinds of competition take
place there. The boys of my school are crazy about football, they play
football and the girls are football fans.
 And now a few words about our physical training lessons. In winter our
Physical training lessons are held out-of-doors. We play different team
games such as basket-ball or volley-ball. Besides we have some training in
gymnastics. I like my P.T. Lessons!

Summer and winter sports
People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. That is one of
the things in which people of every nationality and class are united.
The most popular outdoor winter  sports are shooting, hunting, hockey and,
in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow -
skating, skiing and tobogganing.
Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting,
cycling, gliding and many others sports. Among outdoor games football takes
place in public interests; this game is played in all the countries of the
world. The other games in different countries are cricket, volley-ball,
basket-ball, and so on. Badminton is also popular both with young and old.
Over the last few years aerobics has become popular with young girls and
women. Aerobics helps them to be slim, healthy and strong.
My favorite sports and my favorite sportsmen

I like sport. I like tennis, swimming, figure skating, football, valley-
ball. But my favorite sport is soccer. I buy the sports magazines and
newspapers, for example: "Sport Exspress", or "World soccer". I like
football in our country, because i live in Russia, but Italian series A I
like more. I think that this game is very strict and thick. There are many
popular football-players, for example: Paolo Maldini, Pirlo - they are
playing in Milan; Konovaro is playing in Parma; Nesto is playing in Lazio;
Baggio is playing in Breshia; Totti, Toldo, Ronaldo, Vieri are playing in
Inter. My favorite football-player is Ronaldo. Many people don't like him,
but I do.
He was born in Rio (Brazil). He hadn't any money, but he wanted to play
football. When he was sixteen he started playing in "Gruzeiro", then he
went to the World Cup in USA. Then he played in "Barcelona", then he went
to Milan in "Inter". He was the best football-player in Europe. He is very
rich now. He has a very beautiful wife and son. All people call him
Fonomenon. I wish him good luck in World Cup 2002!
The most important sport event of this year is the World football
championship which is held in Japan and South Korea. I'm a great football
fan so I'm really upset that our teem lost the match against Belgium and
Italian teem lost the match against Korea. And left the competition I agree
with Onopko's words: I still thought we could get the draw, and when
Dmitri Sychev scored I believed it would happen. I really thought we would
equalise. And I think that D. Sychev  is hope our football: Only 18 years
of age, Sychov already has eight goals to his name in the Russian Premier
League. He has appeared in 12 games for Spartak Moscow. Though a regular on
the under-18 national team, Sychov has three appearances and a goal under
his belt for the full Russia squad.
Also My favorite Russian football-player is Valery Karpin.
 Valeri Karpin is one of Russia's highest profile players. The midfielder
was a star at Spartak Moscow in the early 1990s when the club won three
league titles and two Cups of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Karpin moved to Spain and played for Real Sociedad and Valencia CF before
settling at Celta de Vigo. He made his debut in the Russia squad in 1992
and scored a goal in his first match from the penalty spot against Mexico.
He was part of the Russian team at the 1994 FIFA World Cup.
Now, I'm supporting the Brazilian teem, because I'm convinced that they
will be champions.
Well, I like tennis. I'm a fan of Marat Safin and Dimentieva.
I like hochey so much. I like to watch NHL games on TV.
I like figure-skating. I like special Marina Anisina and Gvendal Pesera,
evgeny Plushenko and Alexei Yagudin. I like Irina Slutskaya so much.
All of them are very beautiful and talented sportsmen. I like them!
Sports are very important in our life - in my life. So we have all grounds
to say that sport is one of the things that makes people kin.



LITERATURE:
200 topics English languages ("BAO-press" M. 2002)
Conversational Topics ("Korona-print" S.P. 2001)
Gurina T. ( "Drofa" M. 2000)