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                                2003

                                    

   1. OHTE OEPKA
   2. OE  ACE PA OEPA
   3. HA3HAEHE CEHO-OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3
   4. OEHE OPA3OB  CPABHTEHOO CCEOBAH
   5. P3HAK CMEHHO PE
   6. METOK OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3
   7. 

                             1. OHTE OEPKA

      oep  -          ycpoe  peo-
ae opa paeco ex ca, acpoa  pyoc  c
oo cce epx e.

       K  oco  coca  oepa,  aoap  oop   ooo   eo
pacecoe  cceoae     peee   pax   aa   cyeo
cep, oocc:

      1) yaoc;
      2) aeca ycooc;
      3) apaooc;
      4) paea eoc.

      yaoc oepa pecae coo  eoopoc  oeca
ocoeoce ceo-aeoo aa y pax e   oaae,  o
e oe  yx eoe oaax o    e  e  oepo,  xo  e
ce  cya,  oa  oep  pax    oxo    ee   ayc
oao.   Ka   pao,   yaoc   oepa   oec   a
opeeeo ae oye cy, apep  3-5  accax  cpee  o.
o  coco  oepa,  ocycyee    oex  ex    pcyee
oepy a eocoy oey, oeceaec oeco aopo,  a
 oopx c:

      1) yae coca oc (aaoece, ooece  
          cxooece ocoeoc opeoo eoea), cyae a
          eoopa cooyoc ypex cyex aopo;
      2) yco oppoa ceo-aeoo  aa,  oaec
          ooce    ococo,    e    oece     
          eoopoc  aoo yeo.
      o ooe     oepooy  ay    aop  oc  "e",
e xapaep. co oppoa aa oecye a  peya
oocpeoao, peoc epe yae coca  oc.  ooy
eoopoc xapaepyec  e  oo  peya,  o    ca  poecc
oppoa ca.

      Coco yaoc oepa   pyoc  poec    ccee
oee  acx  coc,  oope,  yy  ye,  opay  pa,
ooe pea eaoe aa.

       aeca   ycooc   oepa   oaae   eo   opeeey
caoc (cepeooc) o pee  ooceo    paoo  poa
oecy aopa. Oo o coco oepa oppyec  25  oa
eoea  ,  a  pao,  e  oepaec    aee   cyece
ee. B ocoe oo coca oepa e opaoae  aecoo
cepeoa, pecaeo coo ypaoeey ccey  pea  opaa
a ec pax ex   ypex  papaee.    coa,
o peya ex    oopax  oope  opeeeo  cce
e  opeoo  yeo.   Baae   e   p   ce   oc
eyepe,    paoe     xapaep,     oac     eycooc
oopaox apaepo.  B  pyoc  o  poec    ocyc  
coc cex ao  x eeo, a  pao  aeeoo
ea  e.  oceeo   e,   popea   xapaep   eoco
coc,  caoc  cp,  o      eecoopa.   Oaae
eoxooc    peo  opoe  p  oe  oex  y   
yocoea,  oec  aoa     ycooc   p   oe
px cepeox e. aec xapaep ycooc  oepa
e oaae  eo  acoo  cepeooc.  oep,  a  a  ccea,
axoc   ooceo  ycoo  paoeco  coco,  cyecya
eycooc a opaea o pee, o ao poec p  ye
ao  cce.  opo  poe  aeco   ycooc   ec
apaooc oepa.
      Bapaooc oepa  pecae  coo  ycooe  oeee
oepa ooo  oo e  a,  oopaeoe    eo  pyoc,  eec
cpeco pcocoe    pa  yco  oe.  o  coco
oepa oycoeo pcocoe xapaepo oppoa aa ca  
ec  cece  ycooo  oee  cce,   aapoao   o
ooe  ooopa e oec. o coco,a  poee
yaoc  ycooc oepa,  ee  ooe  aee    ae
pee eaox aa.

      paea  eoc  oepa  oaae  epecpoy  px
apaepo  oepa    peyae    a  poecc  ca   cax
aopo, e px  opeoo  yeo.  co    eox  
yeo ycox ae oee    oepe  ex    x  ee,
oope  xo  a  pee  oo  apaooc.  p  o  oe  
xapaep ax ee axoc  eco eepa o  oecye
p, c oec, yax ocoeoce  eoea.  eee
po o yeo, epeea ye py, cocoe  aoooo  
apoecoo oe a eee opeeex pao,  oope
  coe  cooyoc  opay  oec,  ooe   epepoa
ee yco ca  cxoecoe cocoe  yeo.  paea
eoc oepa, eco caa c py aa  eo  coca,
coep    cee  opa  o  ycox  oe  ca,   coco
caeo  ooe pea aocece aa.
                     2. OE  ACE PA OEPA

pa oepa  oco x acca.

      o paa oepa  oa  ocoeoc  ceo-aeoo
aa, acpoae  pyoc c oo  cce  e.  o  oey
poe pao  pyoc o opaec a e  py:  oe  
ace.

       K  o  paa  oocc  e  xapaepc  oepa,  oope
poc  oepe  eo, a  ccee e.

      K ac - xapaepc, oope poc    oex
cex aax  x eeax. B acoc o oo,  ae  ocoeoc
e o opaa, e ceye p py pao:

      1) opaax cee    xapaep  coppoaoc  oepa.  K  
oocc  cee  paoaoc  oepa,  oopa   e,   e
ca, cpoee oepa o cee cooc e;

      2) opaax cpyypy  e  o  paeop.  o  peoaae
opa    apaee  e,  poeoc  e,   (coa   y,
pao), cee coc, (epepoc  e),  cee    xapaep
aa;

      3)  opaax  pocpacey  opea   paeo  pyoc  
e,  oop  o   oc.   o   paeee   caocoex
paeo oyea (opae, a, oce, peo)  peeax  ca
ya, paeee eca  ooceo  cpeo  ca  ya  -  o  (x
ae, ocyce, oaa, paep, oypa),  paep  epao
ey coa, cpoa,  paeee    ca  ooceo  aoo
cpo, apaee  opa  ca, paeee ao pea.
      pa epo py oo epepoa oep  o  cee
 xapaepy coppoaoc ceo-aeoo aa, eo ocoe.

       Bpaoaoc  oepa  -   o   co   epa   pa,
xapaepy  ypoe  oae  exo   ca.   Eo   oaae
c  oopa  (pocpacea  ooc  e)    e.   o
cee    paoaoc    oep    ec     a     aopaoae,
cpeepaoae  coopaoae.

      Maopaoa oep opaae aa epo  oye  cy  
xapaepyec   o   oopae   e,   o   poec    
coc,   oax    pxo,    yoaoc    oax    eeo,
epaoepoc poeoc, apae   paee  e,  a  ae
ee    cpe   eo   coe   eco.   K   o   pye
aopaoax oepo oocc oe oep (1-4 acc)   oep
, ocax oyee a eo aax aax  peo yx.  ocee
aac   aopaoa   paec   oepa.    oe    
paece aopaoae oep peo paac ey coo.

      Cpeepaoa oep - o ecoppoac o oa ceo-
ae a, opaa  ca  paecoo  ocoe  coo  
cpoo  ca.  Koopa  e   xapaepyec   eycooc
poeoc, apae  paee e p  oe  cex
ao  x eeo. aoy oepy coce cpe e.

       Bcoopaoa   oep   -   o   coppoac   ceo-
ae a, opaa cp  e,  coy  cee  oopa
e    xapaepyc  ycooc  pao.  e  cee
paoaoc  oo  oo      copoy   ce.   o,   oaaee
aopaoa-    cpeepaoa  oepo,  e  oe   o
pyoc ec coopaoa oepo.

      Cee cee paoaoc oepa, a  pao,  acyae  p
yeo  cae  ca  (oeeo  ee  oepa,  cpee
yeo o ec c opaae  ya  eao  op    ya
oo  epeoo   cpoe),   epeee   ye   py,   aoeax
epao   epo   cce.   B   x   cyax   oaae   cee
paoaoc - oopa  e - peepea  aee  ee,
o  ocoe  ee  pacoaae.  Bece  c  e     pyoc   ycoo
coxpac  oee  ocoeoc  e,  oope  ceecy   o
cox oopaox oooc  cpo ee ca.  o  ooe
ycao ecey cee paoaoc,  ecop  a  eooc
oe cceyeo pyoc. oep oaoo  cee  paoaoc
o cpoe cex ao, o cee x cooc  ec  a  poce,
ypoee, ycoee.

       pa  opo  py  oo  y   cpyypy   paeop
e  poecce ca c yeo ee  op,  apae,  poeoc,
oeca cocax  e    x  oceoaeoc.  peoaaa
opa  e  p  ce  ec  oaaee  cee  x  cooc.
Haoee  pacpocpaeo  opo  e  cpe  oepo   pocoo   
ypoeoo  cpoe  ec  poeo-yoa.  Ooceo   aco
cpeac oep,  oopx peoaae  yoaa    eea  op.
 ycoe oepo oo  peo  cpeaec  apa  co
o  oao  op  e.  opa  e  ec   ooceo
yco  pao    epe    yeo  yco  ca,   e
ca c aepe caee. Ka  pao,  eee  op  
         ceo-aeoo
.

               
 -  paoaoe,  ,   ;    
(  )  -  ,  ,  ;        -
, ;   - ,  ,  ;      -
, , , ,  .

       pa  pee  py,  yaae     paeee   paeo
pyocoo eca, ac   ocoeoce  aoepa  yeo,  opaa
ocoeoc  pocpaceo  opea  yeo    paee   pyx
 p ce.
              3. HA3HAEHE CEHO-OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3

      3aaa cyeo-oepoeeco cep  peoaae  ycaoee
cepo-oepoeo  cy eo poeccyaoo  ooe    ceax
oa  oac cyeoo oepoee aecx ax,  eoxox
 cyeo-ceceo pa.

       Oepo  ec  acca  aa  a   eaoe,
accaoe  aocece.

        eaoe   aa    cyeo-oepoeeco    cep
peoaa ycaoee  yao-opeoo  oeca  coe
pyoc (oc)  oee  oepox  oeo  o    pa
a. Heocpece oeo  eaox  cceoa  ec
oep a oce yao cce coc.  pee ax  aa
a   oopye   cepa   axoc    eop    cyeo-oepoeeco
ea  cooecye eo (eo) cep.

      Kaccaoe aa  cooec c cyece  oooc
cyeo-oepoeeco cep e e opeeee  oa,  opaca
coe pyoc.  B  oceee  pe  paaec  ooe  apaee,
peooaee ycaoee  o  oepy  ooecx  coc  oc,
apopo xapaepyx opeeee py  yx.    pee  aoo
poa aa papaaac cooecye oee  ae eo.

      aocece aa apae a ycaoee  yco  oe
opeo pyoc. oe  yco    cyeo  oepoee  ae
cocoe  yeo,  e  caoy  ca,  caoy  a  acpoy
oepa. eea ycaoa aoceco aa oe   apaea  a
pacoaae aa  eooc  ca    oe  oe  oepooo
oea ope o; xapaepa eooc  (peeo    ocoo
  opeoo  a);  aa  aepeoo   ee   coeo   oepa;
coco yeo   ee  ycao  ca;  opeoo  caeo
aopa,  oycoeo  eooc  ca  p  oe   cceyeoo
oea.    Opaa    poecca     pee     cyeo-oepoeecx
aocecx aa oaec oe cooc, e  accaox,
 e cepaec oo ,  o poecce opeeeoe  eco  aa
eaoe cceoa  peee  opoca  o  oece  coe
cpaaex  oeo  cococye  oy  o  peeo     ocoo
eooc  aeopeco  ope,  opaeoe  peee    epeee
eaoo oaa ooe cea o o xapaepe  eooc
  epoo ope.
       ocaoee    opeeee  o  aae  cep  ec
ocoae  ee  pooca.  Ka    x  oyeo  oe  
cocae  c  coee  yooo    paaco-poeccyax  op.  B
ocaoe  opeee  cya  o  aae  cep  o  
cooe ce aepa ea, ee    ee  aee.  K    oocc
aya, ae o eox ycox oe oepox  oeo,  ae
o peoaaex coex eco (oce), ax,  oc  o  e
oopx oea cceoa.
      Bopoc cepy, copypoae    ocaoe  (opeee)  o
aae cep, o coepa aae oyea   aae  
aee coa cceyeoo eca, ay  oyea,  eo  paeee,
a, ,  oeco  peoaaeoo  coe,  a  p  cceoa
oc - a  a  a,  o  e  oopoo  oa  ac,  e
ec  o  o  e,  eycaoe    epao,  e
ye paccac.
        B   ocaoe      opeee   o       epece
pecaee  pacopee cepa aepa:  cceyee  oye  c
yaae  x  peo,  oeco  co,  e  oye  (pooo
opoca,  coox opao oepa  oce , epecex  
opocax  cepy, cepeae opa oepa  oce  x  
c yaae oeca co o aoy  x.
            4. OEHE OPA3OB  CPABHTEHOO CCEOBAH

       Ocop  oepox  oeo  ceoaee  (co)   ee   ooe
aee    pao  ooo  cpaeoo   aepaa,   ooo
oppoa    opoco,    ocaex    a    papeee     ceo-
oepoeeco cep. B  poecce  caaa  xapaep  oyea
(oa oe  a epeca  ..), pe  aca  eca
  oc,  ec    e  ce  execo   oe   oea
(oc,  cpae    pe  exece  pe),     pop
(pace), oop oe ec  oc (apaa, apoa  pa,
oacep, opoaa yaa  ..),  a  coe  ec    oc
(copoc, c opaae eaoy p),  oe  pa  oepa  
oc (cee paoaoc, e coe, paep, ao  cex
ao, pacp oc).
      Hapy c ocopo  oyeo  eoxoo  poec  p  cecex
ec, apaex  a  cee  ocoec  oe  oepox
oeo. Hapep, ycao  opoc , o e  oopx  coe
oeae   cceoa   oc   (c       o    eceo
cyecy    e),  pe  peoaae  coe
oeae  cceoa  oye    oac  c  ocaoy,  
oopo ooc co,  cocoe yeo. B aece  cpaeoo
aepaa  p  cceoa  oepox  oeo  cya  cooe   
cepeae opa oepa  oc.
      Cooe  opa  oepa    oc  -  o  pyoc    oc,
oee o ooe yoooo  paacoo ea  e c  c
. O c  aoee  e  cpae  aepao  p  pee
cyeo-oepoeecx  aa,  ocoy  aoee  oo     ocoepo
oopaa ycoe  xapaepe a opeoo a.
      Pae oce, coe ae  .., oee  c  c
yoo  paac eo, po aa  ycoo  coo.  p
  coox  opao  eoxoo  oac  x  coocaoc   c
oea  cceoa  eca,  oc  o   eeoy   aae,
coepa  ope oyea, aepay ca, y    aay,  pee
coe. Coocaoc  pee coe e oaae, o  cooe
opa  oepa    oce  o    oe    o   e   c
cceye oyeo. ocaoo, ec o yy oe   o    o
e o, o  cceyee oye,   ae  o  o    oce  x
aoe. Oao cooe opa pyoce   oce  ,  y  oopx
a ee eocaoo coppoac, a ae    oo    capecoo
opaca, cpaax aoea epo cce, o   acao
pe o pee coe  cceyeoy oyey. Ocoo  ae
eoae      cy   o   opaa   a   poepy    ocoepoc
(ecoeoc  pocxoe)  x  coox   opao.   Opeeee
ocoepoc pooc  ye  pee  oyeo  a,  o  e
oopx o oe.
       cepea   opaa   c   pyoc      oc,
oee ope o o ceaoy aa eoae  cya  
c c oooo aepao a cyeo-oepoeecy  cepy.  
opa ae copac c yeo cooec  x  cceye  eca  o
aepaa ca  yco coe. Opa cocac  o  oy
ceoae    cy.  Ec   o   aec   coopae   oa
cceye ec e, cocaec  cea  ec  c  ee  
eo  paeo  cceyeo  pyoc.  Ka  cepea  opae
oe e yocoepy  ac,  ceecyy  o  coee  
ycox x oe. Hapep: Opae oepa ., oe   eo
pyo. oc".
      pecaee a cceoae cpaee   aepa  o  
e oo aeaeo aeca,  o    ocaooo  oeca.  Cooe
opa oepa pecac  e  eee  e  a  5-10  cax.  B  cyae
eooo oea cceyex eco (pax ace)    oe  x
aepeo cae oepo, x oeco oo   yeeo  o  20.
cepeae opa oepa pecac  oece  5-10  co.
p cceoa oce eoxoo peca  opa  oce  a  5-7
cax ya  a 25-30 aax. Ka c oe coepa e oee 7-
9 oce. B x cyax pecac opa  oce  ,  o  e
oopx o aac, a ae opa  oce    oepo  peooaex
coee. Opa oepa ocex oc  e  ace  a
 ao ,  o  e  oopx  coe  cope  oc,  a  ae
opa oepa yaax   e poox  eco.    poee
aocecx cceoa pecac opa  oep    oece,
eoxoo  pee eaoo aa.
                         5. P3HAK CMEHHO PE

       cea  pe  a   oe   pacecoo   cceoa
pecae coo opaoay ccey peex ao opeoo  a,
opaey  oyee (pyoco, ao, opaco    p.).  Ha
ceo pe oppyec  yax  aoo eoea ycox,  o
oeceae  paooopae  a  ypex,  a      ex   aopo,
ecyx oopeeo  epeeaxc ey  coo.  o  pee  ceo
yco,  oopx e eoe, cpea  oye  (oa,  ce,  xapaep
pyoo eeoc, oece epayp, eapa, o  p.).  ooe
aee    caoe     pa   ceo-peeoo   aa   e
yae   cocooc   eoea.   Coca    yaoc    
aeco ycooc  ceo-peex  cpec  oecea  peee
eaox aa, apaex a ycaoee aopa ca.  Hapy
c  eao  aaa  cyeo-aopeeca  cepa  peae
accaoe aa, cae c pacoaae opaca caeo,  o
aoaoc, eca eca, a ae aocece,  apaee  a
pacoaae cxoooecoo coco aopa oyea  oe  eo
aca, aa eooc  p,  oycox  eooc  coco
aopa oyea.

      pa ceo pe  -  o  acpoae  c  oo  cce
paecx ao ocoeoc peeoo aa eoea   coyee  
pee cepx aa.  ceo pe opaec  a  oe
 ace.

      Oe pa opaa coca peeoo  aa  eoea    eo,
ace - oee ee aa.  Mey  o    ac  paa
cyecye aoc   aoe,  o  opee  c  oe
pa. K o  paa  ceo  pe  oocc  ypoe  ae
ceo  pe,  cee  pa   paaecx      ccecx
ao, ocoeoc cooa ox  cpec,  a  apxeo
oe,  ae  ao  aepoa,  ecece  a    oe
coapoo aaca.

      poe ae ceo pe ae co,  cpe    .
 cooo ypo pa  pe  xapaep  paoopae  cpec  pe,
oaco  coapoo  aaca,  caocoe  opec  oop  ox
cpec,   ocyce   aoo   oe,   x   pa,    apye
oepx op.

       Heocaoo  ooe  cooae   cpec   a   (ececx,
cacecx,   paeooecx)      eocaoo    co    ypoe
ccecx ao xapaepye cpe ypoe  pa  pe.  3ec
e  eco  eeoe   eee   ao   c,   ocyce   cpoo
oceoaeoc  cpooc oe.

      H ypoe oaec cxeaeco paoc, eooo.  3aac
co, a pao, opae, pa cepeo c a oeco co.

       Cee   pa   paaecx   ao   ca   opeeec
oeco  xapaepo opopaecx,  yyaox    cacecx
oo. p coo  cee  pa  ao  paooc  peoaaec
paoe  acae  pyoc,  xo  e  cac   o      peo
yopeex  coax.  Cpe  cee  pa  paaecx   ao
peoaae ae  oo,  oope  oocc    co    ycoe
paa.  Ha  cee  pa  ao  paooc  opeeec  o
o  opopaecx,  yyaox    ccecx  oo.  Oe
oo  ocyce ooo opa co    peoex  oa  caa
 ea eo coepae acaoo.

      Cee pa ccecx  ao  ae  coo,  cpee  
o. p coo cee pa ccecoo aa cea  pe
cooa o  cepex  ccecx  opeoce.  o  e  a,  o
pyoc oa  ooc  cooecoa  epaypo  ope.  oac
paeoc  ooc epea c, , oaa coo  pa
ccec aa, oy coaeo ocya o epaypx  op,
coy apxa  eoo.  cpee cee  pa  ao  
cceco pe xapaep ccece o, o  o  e  pye  
co  x  cpaeo  eeo.  o  apyee  ccoo  c   ey
ooea cooo peoe, paococ, ceee op  po  
oceo  pe.  O   o   cee   pa   ccecx   ao
ceecye ae oeca pyx oo:  ceee  pax  op,
epaoe   yopeee   ecoe,    yopeee    x    co
(aoo),   yapx   pocopex    co,    poyco    co    
coocoea.

      K ocoeoc ao cooa ox cpec oocc:

a)    peoaae ox  cpec  opeeeoo  yoaoo  c.
    Ka  aoa     opaeec  a  o,   eyee
    yoa  c:  xyoecea  poa,   oao-eoo,
    ay, ycec, aeaec, pec  ..;

)     a  peoe,  ae   aae.   Ha,   poec   
    paceeoc  eco  a  peoe     aa,   oo   eca
    yco. a pa oopa oeec y pax caee o 2-6  o
    90-175  co,   caec   o      aoee   ex   poe
    yax ocoeoce ca aopa xyoeceoo poee.
    Cpe a peoe  pycco e - 19 co,  ypaco  -18.
    B paceco pae a peoe caec  ao,  ec
    oeco co  x oeec o 2 o 6, cpee o 6 o 30, oo
    - p oece co, peae 30. Hepaoe eee aae -
    oeee    aa  peoe,  e   cax   eco   e,
    ceecye o pyo  pae  -  eocaoo  pa  ao
    paaoo ca;

)    cooae peoe opeeeoo a - poce, coe;

)    cooae coo  eccoo caceco c;

)    cooae paeooecx cpec - ycox  oopoo  pe  
    pae (o ocee a po, ec op, o py  ..).

      Ocoeoc ao apxeo (ocpoe)  oe  poc
 a  ocyc oeco  cpooc.  B  pyocx  ox  e
aac  aae ec, a ae apye    oocoa  eco;  
pyx - caaa cooac a, ec ocoae  x cye,  a
ae ye o, eae  x ao. Pyoc oe coepa  a,
 pao a cocae ac (eee, ocoa ac, aee)  
e e ao pa.

      Ha aepoa  ceo pe  poc    oepa
oex co  (peoe),  cooa  p  x  aca  pap,
yex ao, aecex o cxee eax y  a-o  opao,
oa x o y, oop oe ocao ec.

      oece a    oe  coapoo  aaca  yeo  oe  
op  opae. O coapo aace cy    p  cceoa
ocaoo ox eco.

      ace  pa  ooo  aa  oopaa  pae  coca,
ocoeoc  cpyyp    paac    opeeex  ycox  ox
apyex pe,  ycoo cooa opeeex ox cpec  
ycox  x  coooex  coyex  o    x   peex
cyax.

      K  ac  paa  opopaecx  ao  oocc  ycoe
epae acae coa  apyee opeeeoo paa opopa.

      ace pa yyaox ao a ycooe  apyee
opeeeoo paa yya ( o ce ocyce ee eca  a
aa, ec  o  yec  ccoo  copoo  oe);  coeopaoe
peee ex  x ao pea (pe, oa  c  ao,  co,
a  ..),    o  ce  coeopaoe  eee  eca  a  aa,
pae  ..; oaco, paoopae yyaooo aaca.

      ace pa eco-paeooecx ao - o  cooae
co    ecocex    aex      cx   c   py   coa;
cooae opeex aeo,  yapo,  eeo  oo  
oo apa (apoo), pocopex co, apapo, o -  
ece,  oeo  a  pycco  e,    ..;  cooae  co   
coeopax  aex    cx;  ycooe  yopeee  ox    e
poeccoao, apxao,  eooo,  ex    x  paeooo,
coocoea.

      K ac paa cacecx ao ceye  oec  apyee
op   cacca;   ycooe,   epaoe    ocpoee    opeoo
peoe; peyeceoe  cooae  ex    x  cacecx
ocpy; ycooe coooee coyex  cacecx  cpec  -
cox  pocx  peoe,  pax  oocoe    ..;  oaco
caceco cpyyp oe.

       K  ac  paa  ccecx  ao  oocc  ycooe
apyee  opeeex  op   ececo   cc   ace   pe   
cacca; coeopae ocoeoc ooooo oe.
                   6. METOK OEPKOBEECKO KCEPT3

       Cyeo-oepoeeca  cepa  pacoaae  po  apceao
ceax  eoo  cceoa,  oope   peaae      pee
cooecyx  aa  cep.  Hapy  c  pao   aeceo-
ocae   eoa   coyc    paece,    cpyeae,
aeaece (oee)  epeece (ae) eo.

       Kaeceo-ocaee  eo  pec  p   oaoe   c
ocy  a  cepy  aepaa,  paeo  aae  cceyex
oeo  opao, cpaeo cceoa oepox  oeo  (ox
  acx  pao),  oee  eo   peyao,   oppoa   oo
cepa.

       paece  eo   -   o   cocaee   cepx   papaoo
opax   ox       acx    pao    oepox    oeo,
cooecyx  paox  a.  B  cepx   papaoax   cpyc
peya  paeoo    cpaeoo  cceoa.  O  cococy
oce oeoc poecca cceoa, oecea eo  aoc
 oea py cepy.

      cpyeae eo  -  o  peee  pocoo,  oopa,
execx cpec (epex popo).

        Maeaece   (oee)   eo,   coyee      cyeo-
oepoeeco cepe, ocoa a  epooco  oepoa.  O
pacp  oooc  cepx  cceoa,  oo  pea   oe
aa,  oc  aeoc      oocoaoc   ae.   a   ae
epooco-cacecoo  oepoa   peac   ceye   aa:
ycaoee  oa    opaca  o  oepy,  aa  aepeoo  cae
oepa  copoc  cocoo,  epepyc   coe   oepox
oeo o cee coepeca e, oeac coaee  pao
oepa c yeo eo pyoo paeoc, a ae  pa    cxox
oepax.

       Hapy  c  aeaec  eoa   pec   epeece,
apaee a aoaa poecca cepoo cceoa,  epoo-
cea  exa  (BM).  Mae  eo  oecea   oee
aoee   pyoeo   ac   pao   cepa,   oa   ooc   
ocoepoc  peyao,    acoc   papaoa   aoapoae
oec  ycaoe  aa  aepeoo  ee  oepa   ("Poa"),
ea  coe  o  aepeo  caeoy   oepy   ("pc"),
cceoa  pax    pocx  ace     epea   ox
oce, oex   ox  ycox,    eoex,  oex  c
opaae  oce  peapeo  pepo  ("o"),  epeao-
eao aop    cceoa  pax  oepox  oeo
("A").

       To    o  eo    ccea  eoo,   opaya   eoy
cepoo  pee,  coyec    acoc  o  xapaepa  peaeo
aa. Peee eaox    aocecx  aa  oeceaec
pao     aeceo-ocae     eoa,      a
opeeey ccey aao-ocaex, paecx   cpyeax
peo, a ae cooae aeaecx    epeecx  eoo.
Kaccaoe  aa,  apaee  a  ycaoee  oa,   opaca
coe pyocoo eca, peaec c  oo  epoo-cacecx
oex eoo.

      Cpyypa pee eaox  aocecx aa.
      Oa  oeceaec  opeee  eea  cpyyp,   ypo,
aa, ca, a oop apee co oaa  eo.

      p ypoe pee  aa  -  peapeoe  cceoae,  
oooe a,  pa  ay  po    cepo  poecce.  O
ae ceye ca:

1. oaoee co ce ocy aepaa;
2. ocop (peape aa) cceyex oea  opao;
3. peapeoe cpaeoe cceoae  oea;
4. ee cepx epc  apoae pecoeo cceoa.

       ep  ypoe  ooe  cepy  coppoa  pecaee   
cee  cooc  aa,   ooocx      apae   ee   pee,
capoa eoec pa oxo  e pee    e  oocoa
o o eoooc pee aa.

      Bopo ypoe ec oco  cepo poecce.
      peapee peya, oyee a epo ypoe,  yyc,
cecopoe  oeac    peopaoac    oey   opa,
eoxoy      oppoa   ocoepoo   oa.   B   oe   o
oooeoo cceoa  a  opo  ypoe  cceoa  pooc
ca  ae   opao   c   cooae      eoxox   cyax
aeaecx    epeecx  eoo.  a  ypoe  p   pee
eaox  aa  oee  a,  peycapae  paepyoe
eaooe cceoae, p pee aocecx  aa  -  a
eaooo  aocecoo cceoa.

      a paepyoo eaoo cceoa  coep  ceye
ca:
1. pae aa ox  acx  pao    cceyeo  oe  
   cpaeo aepae (opaax);
2. cpaeoe cceoae;
3. aea oea peyao cceoa, oppoa  oo  o
   oece  coe    xapaepe  eooc  ca  (peeo  
   ocoo).
a paepyoo aocecoo cceoa coep ceye ca:

4. aa eoo oeca pao eooc;
5. cpaee (coocaee) eoo oeca pao eooc  c
   ec  oeca  (aoa),  xapaep      opeeex
   paooce cax aopo;
6.  oea  eoo  oeca  pao    cooyoc   co   ce
   cooae aa  oppoae  oa  o  cax  pax,
   oycox  eooc  ca    oe   oe   cceyeoo
   oea.

      Kpaceca cepa pao ceo pe  ae  p
oxoa    x  cceoa:  aece,  oece      cceo-
cpyyp.    oxo  aoca  ey  coo    a    x
ae  ce ee yx pyx.

        a   aooycoeoc   aecex      cacecx
xapaepc eca, oo  oaa,  o  aecee    oecee
eo    paax  cceo-cpyypoo   oxoa      pacecoy
cceoa pao ceo pe o pec   oece.  
ye pao ceo  pe  aa  ooa  x  aaa  a  ca
paeoo cceoa.  Ec    cceoa  oepa  oyc  oa
pe eocpeceoo cpae pao, o  cceoax  ceo
pe oe  cooao oo cpaee oeox ax o  paax.
Tae oeoe  cye  oya    peyae  paeoo  ye  
aaa oyea  opao.  pa  ox  ao  ceo  pe
cceyc aae a ypoe paoc pe, a ae a ypoe  yyp
pe. p ycaoe pao ox  ao  a  ypoe  paoc
pe aae pooc aece  aa  ox  e  a  ocoe
pepe:    pao    -    epao    (eee    yyaox,
opopaecx  pyx oo). 3ae a ocoe  oecex  pepe
ycaaac  oe  pa  (cee   pa)   ox   ao.
Boooc  aaa  pao  ceo  pe  ac   o   oea   
aae pyoc. B eox caapx ecax (apep,  aex)
aco  e  yaec         poaapoa   pa,   opaae
ccece  a,  a  apxeo   oe,      oy
pecaee o cooa paeooecx cpec a. p  ye
oox eco  aoe  ae  yeec  oopae  paaecx
ao,   ao   aepoa      ..   Opaae    oooc
cceoa  oee eca  cpoo opeeeo yoao  ce
- peco, aeaeco  .. B ax cyax e  oo  yeac
oooc  cooa  paoopax  ox   cpec,   ae   ec
coe  aee,  coapoo aaca, o  oc caape  
eca pacpocpaee ceae pae    ep.  B  cyae,  ec
oye  coep  xapaepe  pa  ceo  pe,  oce  aaa
ocex cep epexo    cpaeoy  x  cceoa.  oceee
aaec  coocae oeox ax o paax   pee  opoca
o a coae  pa. Cpaeoe cceoae  aaec  c
coocae ypo ae ceo pe, oop  ec  ae
 ox pao,  cocax  ocoy  pe,  oo  coxpayc  p
pax ee apax. oce  coocae  ox  pao  epexo  
cpaeoy cceoa  acx.    cepa  e  oe    epo
yepeoc  o, o eoe, aca pyoc, ec  o e  pe
 ee aopo. Pyoc oe   oea  o  oy,    oa  
paaece    yyaoe  o   yy   xapaepoa   a
coe. Pyoc oe  ooc  aco epecaa,   oa
 oo oe cpeca, o  ccece,  paaece  a  
ae ypoe ae pe yy xapaepoa e coe, a  pyoo
eoea.  ooy  cceoae     oea   pao   ceo   pe
eoea  o  oepa,      oce  cyae   oo   cooyoc
pao ceo pe  oepa  oe  cy  ocoae    oa
oeca.

       poee  pacecoo  cceoa  ceo  pe  
pee ocaeo epe cepo aa  eoxo  aeae  opa
ca oopeaex , cee o ycox oe x opao   o
oopeaex.

      Cooe opa ca o  oe a  o  e  e,  o
cceye ec, oocc o pee  eo  coe    cooecoa
ey o aae  coepa. Ta,  ec  cceoa  oea  pa
ceo pe    ao-o  oao  oyee  (aee,  oaa
aca  ..) o  opa o peca coo ec, oee  
oao-eoo ce; ec  aoo ce, o  eaeo,  o  
opa  peca  coo  pyoc,  acae    copo  ce.
cceoae pao ceo pe peye opao  oeo  o  oey
cpaeoo aepaa, e cceoae  oepa.  o  oocc  a  
coo, a   cepea opaa.

       cepeae  opa   ceye   opa      e   eco,
pecax coo oee a ey, pay ca  oopeae  
peoey ceoaee (cyo),  eco, oyex o  oy.  
cceoa  ceo  pe  e  oy    cooa   epecae
ec. Tea  oe oa  o o coepa   cceyeoy
oyey. Kpoe yoyx opao oy oaoc ec,  oee
o oy. eaeo, o ocee coepa  coa    cceyeoo
oyea,    oopx  oopeae  oye  opopaece  o,  
peoe  oopx ec yyaoe o.

      B ocaoe o aae cep eoxoo oee  cee
o cox oe cceyeoo  oyea,  eo  aae    po  
co  pecye.  oa  aoe  aee   popea   ae   o
ycox,    oopx  aca  ec,cxeco    eco   coco
eoea, coeo o oye: cac  o  ox   eox
ycox,  coco oye, o aee ypo,   oe  oe
 .. o acaec cee o oc caeo o ec ao  ceyee:
opac, opaoae, poecc,  eco  poe,  poo  ,  a  ao
e oyac  oe, ae ocpax o  o  apoo  CH,  
ax oacx   pecyax  poa    a  poe  aoo  pee,
cpaae  cxec aoea, aooo,   oe  (  e)
  epo  oa,  cy  o  ocoeca  ea,  coc  cceye
oye.



                              ________________

                                 7TEPATPA



   1.  e  P.C.,  yo  A.B.    p.   Kpaceca   cepa:
      ooee, caoee, ee pa. M., 1994.
   2. Bace A.H., oo H.. pee, ccea    eopeece  oco
      pac. M., 1984.
   3. pao .. Oco paceco ex. M.,1975.
   4. yo A.B., pao .. Kpaca. M., 1996.
   5. Ca .. Pacceoae pecye a ccea eeoc.  M.,
      1989.
   6. Ceao H.A. Coeca paca: ccea o. M., 1982.