Английский (топики/темы): Moscow (3)
You are proud of being a Muscovite, aren't you? What would you advise a foreigner to visit in Moscow and why?
I am definitely proud of being a Muscovite as I think Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and can boast a number of unique sights.
The first thing I would advise a foreigner to see and the most popular Moscow sight is the Kremlin. First, it is one of the most ancient sights of Moscow. Second, it has long been a symbol of Moscow, and a foreign guest can't fail to see it. It was built as a fortress in the 15th-16th century under the supervision of Italian architects. The twenty towers on the Kremlin wall were built in the 17th century for decoration. Among the ancient buildings inside the Kremlin are the famous churches: the Archangel Cathedral with tombs of princes and tsars, the Blagoveshchensky (Annunciation) Cathe¬dral with Andrey Rublyov's frescoes, the Uspensky cathedral, Granovitaya palata (Palace) where receptions were held by Russian tsars, and the Grand Kremlin Palace. Among other historical monuments of the Kremlin are the Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell, both of enormous size.
Near the Kremlin is the huge Red Square, the most famous Russia's square. Originally it was a marketplace and a meeting spot for popular assemblies; it is still used as a parade ground and for demonstrations. On the west side of Red Square and along the Kremlin wall are the Lenin Mausoleum and the tombs of Soviet political figures; on the north side is the completely rebuilt Kazan Cathedral (constructed in the 17th century, razed by Stalin, and rebuilt in 1993); and at the southern end stands the imposing Cathedral of Basil the Beautified. The cathedral has numerous cupolas, each a different color, grouped around a central dome. In front of the cathedral stands a monument to Minin and Pozharski.
Near Red Square extends the old district of Kitaigorod. It is one of the oldest places in Moscow, once the merchants' quarter, later the banking section, and now an administrative centre with various government offices and ministries. Tverskaya Street (formerly Gorky Street), a main thoroughfare, extends from the Kremlin and is lined with modern buildings. Near the beginning of Tverskaya Street is Treatre Square, containing the world-famous Bolshoi and Maly treatres. Encircling the Kremlin and Kitaigorod is the Bely Gorod (white city), traditionally the most elegant part of Moscow and now a commercial and cultural area. In the Bely Gorod is the Christ the Saviour Cathedral; demolished in 1931, it was rebuilt in 1990s.
of Moscow are the concentric rings of wide boulevards.
Post-Soviet Moscow has seen renewed construction, including the
Triumph-Palace, which echoes Stalin's Gothic-influenced Seven
Sisters skyscrapers and is the tallest building in Europe. The
tallest free-standing structure in Moscow is the Ostankino Tower
(1967), a broadcast tower and tourist attraction that rises
1,771 ft (540 m). Among Moscow's many cultural and scientific
institutions are the University of Moscow (founded in 1755), the
Russian Academy of Sciences, a conservatory (1866), the
Tretyakov Art Gallery, the museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of
Oriental Cultures, the State Historical Museum, the National
Exhibition Centre. Treatres include the Moscow Art Treatre, the
world-famous Bolshoi, the Maly Treatre and many others. Numerous
large parks and recreation areas include Gorky Central Park, the
forested Izmailovo and Sokolniki parks, and Ostankino Park, with
its Botanical gardens.
following sentences into English.
1. Moscow can
boast a number of unique sights, among which is the Kremlin
built as a fortress under the supervision of Italian architects.
Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык.
Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part
one. English examination topics. Forms 9/11.
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