Английский (топики/темы): Travelling

(9/11)

Prove that travelling is one of the favourite pastimes of people.

More and more people all over the world prefer to spend their holidays travelling. Rich or poor, old or young, they strive to leave the place where they live or work, and move to another spot of our planet — at least for two to four weeks a year. They travel to cities and towns, mountains and lakes, across oceans and seas.

There are several reasons why the popularity of travel and tourism is growing. The first one is educational value of travelling. Man has always moved from one place to another in search of knowledge. Even now, in the age of technology and global communication, travelling to a different region or country can help discover new ideas, technologies and inventions. The best way of studying geography is travelling, the best way to help you master a foreign language is travelling, too. Moreover, a special kind of tourism has developed, called educational tourism when people travel to study a foreign language or to take up a course in one or several other subjects.

The second reason why people travel is entertainment and rest. To see great buildings and natural wonders, listen to national music, get some knowledge about traditions and ways of different countries, taste new cuisine gives us new emotions, helps drive away the stress.

Thirdly, there are special reasons. A lot of new types of travelling have appeared like ecotourism, educational tourism, sports tourism. A lot of people travel on business. Now, with the growth of international trade people have a lot of chances to do business with foreign partners, and they do it willingly. Some people have additional reasons to like travelling. When travelling, they do sports, or take care of their health, or get new contacts.

(9+)

What would you show to your foreign friend in Russia?

Russia has always attracted foreign tourists because of its variety of landscapes and climates, vast territory abundant in beautiful landscapes which seem exotic to many Europeans and Americans, as well as because of Russian traditions and customs including colourful and picturesque celebrations of national holidays. But the main reason why foreign tourists choose Russia is, naturally, Russian artistic heritage including unique ancient architecture and art museums.

To my mind, there are plenty of places in Russia worth visiting, but if I had to show Russia to my foreign friends during a week or two, I would take them to three places — Moscow, St. Petersburg and the towns of the Golden Ring. Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and can boast a number of unique sights.

The first thing 1 would advise a foreigner to see and the most popular Moscow sight is the Kremlin. It has long been a symbol of Moscow and was built as a fortress in the 15th— 16th century under the supervision of Italian architects. The twenty towers on the Kremlin wall were built in the 17th century for decoration. Among the ancient buildings inside the Kremlin are the famous churches: the Archangel Cathedral with tombs of princes and tsars, the Blagoveshchensky (Annunciation) Cathedral with Andrey Rublyov's frescoes, the Uspensky cathedral, Granovitaya palata (Palace) where receptions were held by Russian tsars, and the Grand Kremlin Palace. Among other historical monuments of the Kremlin are the Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell, both of enormous size.

Near the Kremlin is the huge Red Square, the most famous Russia's square, originally a marketplace and a meeting spot for popular assemblies, now with the Lenin Mausoleum and the tombs of Soviet political figures; the imposing Cathedral of Basil the Beautified with its numerous cupolas and a monument to Minin and Pozharski. Near the Kremlin is the Christ the Saviour Cathedral; demolished in 1931, it was rebuilt in 1990s. Among Moscow's many cultural and scientific institutions are Moscow State University (founded in 1755), the Russian Academy of Sciences, a conservatory (1866), the Tretyakov Art Gallery, the museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Oriental Cultures.

The second place I would take my foreign friends to is St. Petersburg, the so-called second capital of Russia built in the 18th century by Peter the Great and regarded by many as the most beautiful city of Russia. The city was the residence of Russian emperors and empresses for two centuries and abounds in picturesque sights — magnificent palaces and cathedrals and breathtaking views. Among the most popular tourist attractions in the city are the Winter Palace which houses the Hermitage, the St. Isaac's Cathedral, the Admiralty Tower, the Peter and Paul Fortress, Nevsky prospect and many others. Surrounding the city is a ring of suburbs with beautiful palaces once belonging to emperors and empresses of Russia — Peterhof, Tsarskoye Selo, Pavlovsk, Alexandria, Gatchina and others.

The third place I would show to my foreign friends is the towns of the Golden Ring which include Vladimir, Suzdal, Ivanovo, Kostroma, Rostov Velikiy and Pereyaslavl Zalessky. The towns are a gem of early Russian architecture and offer a wide choice of landmarks including cathedrals, kremlins, boyars' palaces, monasteries and other buildings typical of ancient Russia. They contain a number of excellent picture galleries, too.

Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Все больше людей, молодых и старых, богатых и бедных, стремится покинуть место, где они живут, и отправиться в другие города и страны.
2. Популярность туризма растет, так как путешествия имеют образовательную ценность и являются способом развлечения и отдыха, а также по другим причинам.
3. Даже сейчас, в век техники и глобальной коммуникации, путешествия помогают открыть для себя новые идеи, технику и изобретения и совершенствоваться в иностранном языке.
4. Люди путешествуют, чтобы увидеть чудеса природы, попробовать новую для них национальную кухню и узнать национальные обычаи, что помогает снять стресс.
(9+)
5. Россия всегда привлекала иностранных туристов разнообразием климатических условий, обширной территорией, изобилующей красивыми ландшафтами, русскими традициями и обычаями, в том числе красочными и живописными празднованиями национальных праздников, и русским художественным наследием.
6. Москва может похвалиться несколькими уникальными достопримечательностями, в том числе Кремлем, построенным под руководством итальянских архитекторов, с его знаменитыми соборами, Грановитой палатой, в которой устраивались приемы, Царь-пушкой и Царь-колоколом.
7. Красная площадь первоначально была рыночной площадью и местом проведения народных собраний, сейчас там расположены Мавзолей В. И. Ленина, захоронения советских политических деятелей и внушительный собор Василия Блаженного с многочисленными куполами.
8. Среди многочисленных культурных учреждений Москвы — Российская академия наук, консерватория, Третьяковская галерея, Музей изобразительных искусств, Музей восточных культур.
9. Петербург был резиденцией российских императоров и императриц; там много захватывающих видов и живописных достопримечательностей, в том числе Зимний дворец, Эрмитаж, Исаакиевский собор, Адмиралтейство, Петропавловская крепость и многие другие.
10. Города Золотого кольца — это жемчужина древнерусской архитектуры, в них много достопримечательностей, в том числе соборы, дворцы, монастыри и несколько первоклассных художественных галерей.

1. More and more people, old or young, rich or poor, strive to leave the place where they live and travel to different cities and lands.
2. The popularity of tourism is growing because travelling has educational value and is a way of entertainment and rest, as well as due to additional reasons.
3. Even nowadays, in the age of technology and global communication, travelling helps discover new ideas, technologies and inventions and master a foreign language.
4. People travel to see natural wonders, taste new cuisine and learn about national customs, which helps to drive away the stress.

(9+)
5. Russia has always attracted foreign tourists because of its variety of climates, vast territory abundant in beautiful landscapes, Russian traditions and customs including colourful and picturesque celebrations of national holidays and Russian artistic heritage.
6. Moscow can boast a number of unique sights, including the Kremlin built under the supervision of Italian architects with its famous cathedrals, Granovitaya Palace where receptions were held, the Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell.
7. Red Square was originally a marketplace and a meeting spot for popular assemblies; now the Lenin Mausoleum, the tombs of Soviet political figures and the imposing Cathedral of Basil the Beautified with its numerous cupolas are situated there.
8. Among Moscow's many cultural institutions are the Russian Academy of Sciences, a conservatory, the Tretyakov Art Gallery, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Oriental Cultures.
9. St. Petersburg was the residence of Russian emperors and abounds in breathtaking views and picturesque sights, including the Winter Palace, the Hermitage, St. Isaac's Cathedral, Admiralty Tower, Peter and Paul Fortress and many others.
10. The towns of the golden Ring are a gem of early Russian architecture and offer a wide choice of landmarks including cathedrals, kremlins, palaces, monasteries and a number of excellent picture galleries.

Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык. Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part one. English examination topics. Forms 9/11.

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