Английский (топики/темы): My Favourite Holiday

(11)

What is your favourite holiday? Why?

My favourite holiday, or, better to say, holidays are, definitely, the New Year and Christmas. I n Russia the New Year is celebrated twice — on January 1, according to the Gregorian calendar, and on January 14, according to the Julian calendar which was used in Russia before 1918. Christmas is a traditional holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus with both religious and secular aspects. It is commonly observed on December, 25 by Catholics, and on January, 7 by the Russian Orthodox Church. New Year and Christmas are the first, and the most joyful, holidays of the year, when people see the Old Year off and the New Year in. I enjoy the holidays for several reasons. Firstly, they have a special atmosphere of joy and excitement everyone looks forward to for several months. They are holidays of renewal and magic, exchanging presents and wishes. Most people, irrespective of their age, stay up all night on December, 31, setting off fireworks and making merry. Father Christmas and Snow Maiden are the popular characters of TV programmes and school festivals though no one except very young children believes in their existence. The second reason I prefer this holiday to all the rest is that it is the centre of the New Year and Christmas season which is, in fact, a sequence of holidays. It starts on the 25th of December and finishes on January 14, and everyone has a chance of relaxing after a long period of hard and stressful work.

There are many New Year and Christmas traditions which make these holidays so special. For Christmas people decorate their houses with mistletoe and the Christmas tree, go to church, send Christmas cards — and, of course, give and receive gifts.

My favourite Christmas tradition has been receiving and giving presents since my childhood when gifts were put into stockings for me and I believed it was Father Christmas who brought them, unheard and unseen while I was sleeping. I believe Christmas presents should be special and have a touch of magic, enabling your dearest wishes to come true. Firstly, giving gifts to all the members of the family adds to love and affection in it and helps to forget minor quarrels and misunderstandings. It makes you believe you are a family no matter what happens. Secondly, it creates the atmosphere of joy and magic. This simple and long-standing tradition helps you to believe in miracles and renewal, and regain optimism if you are in trouble.

I believe Christmas is not as popular in Russia as in most Christian countries. There are two main reasons why it is not. The first one is that after the Revolution of 1917 Christmas celebrations were banned in the Soviet Union for the next seventy-five years, and a century-old tradition was destroyed. It is being restored now, but it will take some time to do it. The second one is that in Russia there is a long-standing tradition of celebrating the New Year whose traditions are very similar to those of Christmas. The only difference is that Christmas is a Christian holiday marking the birth of Jesus Christ, and Christianity is not as wide-spread in Russia now as it used to be before the Revolution.

Translate the following sentences into English.
1. В России Новый год празднуют дважды: 1 января по григорианскому календарю, и 14 января по юлианскому календарю.
2. Рождество отмечает рождение Иисуса Христа и имеет религиозный и светский аспекты.
3. Новый год — это праздник, в который люди провожают старый год и встречают Новый год и не ложатся спать всю ночь 31 декабря.
4. Новый год отличает особая атмосфера радости и волнения, обновления и чудес.
5. Рождество не так популярно в России как в других христианских странах по двум причинам: во-первых, оно было запрещено в России после революции 1917 года, во-вторых, подобные традиции характерны для Нового года, который популярен в стране.

1. In Russia the New Year is celebrated twice — on January, 1, according to the Gregorian calendar, and on January, 14, according to the Julian calendar.
2. Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus and has both religious and secular aspects.
3. New Year is the holiday when people see the Old Year off and the New Year in and stay up all night on December, 31.
4. New Year has a special atmosphere of joy and excitement, renewal and magic.
5. Christmas is not as popular in Russia as in other Christian countries due to two reasons: firstly, it was banned in Russia after the Revolution of 1917, and secondly, New Year which has similar traditions is popular in the country.

Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык. Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part one. English examination topics. Forms 9/11.

Помощь:

1. Прослушать произношение слова и перевод на howjsay.com . Направление перевода выберите один раз из списка, в дальнейшем оно сохранится. Для многократного повторения подводите стрелку мышки к выделенному слову в колонке слева.

2. Правила чтения слов смотрите здесь.

3. Подробный перевод в словаре Мультитран. (В часы перегрузок Интернета работает медленно, но словарь хороший.)

Темы:

1 Учебные сайты

2 Учебники (русск.)

3 Учебники (англ.)

Фонетика, грамматика

4 Фонетика

5 Грамматика

6 Разговорный язык

Учащимся

7 Экзамены

8 Топики

9 ГДЗ - англ. яз.

10 Словари и переводчики

11 Англ. для детей

12 Деловой английский

Практика

13 Аудио материалы

14 Книги, тексты

15 Сценарии, перев.

16 Тексты песен

17 СМИ - новости

18 Развлечения

Французский яз.

Испанский язык

Немецкий язык

Другие языки