Английский (топики/темы): Sports in the USA

Americans pay much attention to physical fitness and have traditionally done well in many kinds of sports. There is a large choice of sports in America. People participate in swimming, skating, squash and badminton, tennis, marathons, track-and-field, bowling, archery, skiing, etc. This can be explained by the size and variety of the country. Another reason for the popularity of sports in America is the love of Americans to competition of any kind. One more reason is that Americans use sports activities for teaching social values, such as teamwork and sportsmanship.

The top four sports in America are American in origin: football, baseball (often called 'the National Pastime'), auto-racing (especially NASCAR), and basketball. Soccer is not as popular in the US as in most other countries, but the US did host the World Cup in 1994. Soccer continues to grow in the US, and is currently one of the most played sports amongst youth. Ice hockey is also popular. The United States became the centre of the two most popular Western combat sports— boxing and wrestling. The United States has produced many champion boxers. The United States created the three popular board-based recreational sports — surfboarding, skateboarding and snowboarding. National competitions are held in all three; snowboarding is included in the Olympic Games. Triathlon, which includes swimming, bicycle-racing and long distance running, has been invented in America, too.

There are sports facilities in every school. American college sports are nearly as popular as professional sports, particularly college football and college basketball. American colleges often support sports programs, including track-and-field, water polo, football and baseball. Every high school offers its students many sports, such as wrestling, rowing, tennis and golf. There are no universities for sports in the USA, but students of any higher educational establishment are trained in different kinds of sports. Many universities are famous for their sports clubs.
Indeed, sport is a part of life of an average American.

Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Американцы придают большое значение поддержанию физической формы.
2. Американцы занимаются многими видами спорта.
3. Существует несколько причин популярности спорта в США: любовь к соревнованиям любого рода, величина и разнообразие страны.
4. Американцы используют спорт для обучения социальным ценностям, таким как умение работать в команде и спортивное поведение.
5. Некоторые из наиболее популярных в Америке видов спорта, таких как волейбол, баскетбол, триатлон, были изобретены в Америке.
6. Популярные виды спорта с использованием доски, такие как виндсерфинг, скейтбординг и сноубординг, были также изобретены в Америке.
7. По всем видам спорта, изобретенным в Америке, проводятся общенациональные соревнования, некоторые из этих видов включены в Олимпийские игры.
8. В каждой американской школе есть условия для занятий спортом, а университетский спорт почти так же популярен, как профессиональный спорт.

1. Americans pay much attention to physical fitness.
2. Americans participate in many kinds of sports.
3. There are several reasons for the popularity of sports in the USA: love to competition of any kind, the size and variety of the country.
4. Americans use sport for teaching social values, such as teamwork and sportsmanship.
5. Some of the top sports in America, such as volleyball, basketball, thriathlon were invented in America.
6. Popular board-based sports like windsurfing, skateboarding and snow-boarding, were invented on the American soil, too.
7. National competitions are held in all of the sports which originated in America, and some of them are included in the Olympic Games.
8. There are sports facilities in every American school, and college sports is nearly as popular as professional sports.

Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык. Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part two. Additional topics.

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2 Учебники (русск.)

3 Учебники (англ.)

Фонетика, грамматика

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15 Сценарии, перев.

16 Тексты песен

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