Английский (топики/темы): George Washington
George Washington, the first American president, was born in 1732 in Westmoreland County. He trained as a surveyor, and at the age of 20 he was appointed adjutant in the militia. For the next three years, he fought in the wars against the French and Indians. In 1759, he resigned from the militia, married and settled down as a gentleman farmer at Mount Vernon. As a militiaman, Washington had been exposed to the arrogance of the British officers, and his experience as a planter with British commercial restrictions increased his anti-British sentiment. He became prominent in organizing resistance. A delegate to the Continental Congress, Washington was selected as commander in chief of the Continental Army in 1775. He was in charge of inexperienced and badly equipped army and had little or no support of the Congress. That is why he chose the policy of wearing the British troops down by harassing tactics. His able generalship and the French alliance brought the war to a conclusion. In October 1781 the British army surrendered.
The chaotic years under the Articles of Confederation led Washington to return to public life in the hope of promoting the formation of a strong central government. He presided over the Constitutional Convention and yielded to the universal demand that he serve as first president.
He was inaugurated on April 30,1789, in New York, the first national capital. In office, he tried to unite the nation and establish the authority of the new government at home and abroad. Washington was unanimously reelected in 1792, his second term was dominated by the Federalists. His Farewell Address on September 17, 1796 (published but never delivered) warned against 'permanent alliances' with foreign powers. He died at Mount Vernon on December 14, 1799.
following sentences into English.
Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык.
Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part
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