Английский (топики/темы): Daniel Defoe

The son of a London butcher, and educated at a Dissenters' academy, he was typical of the new kind of man reaching prominence in England in the 18th century — self-reliant, industrious, possessing a strong notion of responsibility. He had by 1683 set himself up as a merchant dealing in many different commodities. In spite of his considerable savings Defoe went bankrupt in 1692. Defoe's first important publication was An Essay upon Projects (1698), but it was not until the poem The True-born Englishman (1701), that he received any real fame. An ill-timed satire, The Shortest Way with Dissenters (1702), an ironic defense of High Church against nonconformists, resulted in Defoe's being imprisoned. He was rescued by Robert Harley and later served the statesman as a political agent. He turned to writing novels when he was over fifty.

Defoe has been called the father of modern journalism; during his lifetime he was associated with 26 periodicals. From 1704 to 1713 he published and wrote a Review, a miscellaneous journal concerned with the affairs of Europe. He was nearly sixty when he turned to writing novels. In 1719 he published his famous Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Based in part on the experiences of Alexander Selkirk, Robinson Crusoe describes the daily life of a man marooned on a desert island. Although there are exciting episodes in the novel, its main interest lies in the way in which Crusoe overcomes the extraordinary difficulties of life on the island. Robinson Crusoe is considered by some critics to be the first true novel in English. Defoe's great novels were not published under his name but as authentic memoirs. Two excellent examples of his semihistorical recreations are the picturesque adventure Moll Flanders (1722), the story of a London prostitute and thief, and an account of the 1665 great plague in London entitled A Journal of the Plague Year (1722). His other major works include Captain Singleton (1720), Colonel Jack (1722), Roxana (1724), and A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain (1724-1727).
Defoe's writing is always straightforward and vivid, with an astonishing concern for circumstantial detail.

Translate the following sentences into English.
1. Привыкший полагаться только на себя, трудолюбивый, обладающий высоко развитым чувством ответственности, Даниэл Дефо был типичным представителем новых людей, выдвигавшихся в Британии на первый план.
2. Торгуя различными товарами, Дефо имел значительные накопления, но разорился.
3. Одна из его книг представляла из себя несвоевременную сатиру, в которой он иронически «защищал» Высокую Церковь от нападок нонконформистов.
4. За эту книгу его посадили в тюрьму, но он был освобожден стараниями Роберта Харли, на службе которого он позднее находился в качестве политического агента.
5. Дефо называют отцом современной журналистики за талант и упорный труд в этой области: в течение жизни он был связан с 26 периодическими изданиями.
6. Он начал писать романы, когда ему было около 60 лет, и издал несколько книг как подлинные мемуары.
7. К его основным работам относятся произведения полуисторического характера, непосредственные и яркие, в которых проявляется удивительное внимание к незначительным деталям.

1. Self-reliant and industrious, possessing a strong notion of responsibility, Daniel Defoe was typical of the new kind of man reaching prominence in England.
2. A merchant dealing in different commodities, Defoe had considerable savings, but went bankrupt.
3. One of his books was an ill-timed satire, where he ironically defended High Church against non-conformists.
4. For this book he was imprisoned but rescued by Robert Harley and served him as a political agent.
5. Defoe has been called the father of modern journalism for his talent and hard work in this field, as he was associated with 26 periodicals during his lifetime.
6. He turned to writing novels when he was nearly sixty and published a number of books as authentic memoirs.
7. His major works include semihistorical recreations, in which he is straightforward and vivid, and show astonishing concern for circumstantial detail.

Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык. Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part two. Additional topics.

Помощь:

1. Прослушать произношение слова и перевод на howjsay.com . Направление перевода выберите один раз из списка, в дальнейшем оно сохранится. Для многократного повторения подводите стрелку мышки к выделенному слову в колонке слева.

2. Правила чтения слов смотрите здесь.

3. Подробный перевод в словаре Мультитран. (В часы перегрузок Интернета работает медленно, но словарь хороший.)

Темы:

1 Учебные сайты

2 Учебники (русск.)

3 Учебники (англ.)

Фонетика, грамматика

4 Фонетика

5 Грамматика

6 Разговорный язык

Учащимся

7 Экзамены

8 Топики

9 ГДЗ - англ. яз.

10 Словари и переводчики

11 Англ. для детей

12 Деловой английский

Практика

13 Аудио материалы

14 Книги, тексты

15 Сценарии, перев.

16 Тексты песен

17 СМИ - новости

18 Развлечения

Французский яз.

Испанский язык

Немецкий язык

Другие языки