Английский (топики/темы): Daniel Defoe
The son of a London butcher, and educated at a Dissenters' academy, he was typical of the new kind of man reaching prominence in England in the 18th century — self-reliant, industrious, possessing a strong notion of responsibility. He had by 1683 set himself up as a merchant dealing in many different commodities. In spite of his considerable savings Defoe went bankrupt in 1692. Defoe's first important publication was An Essay upon Projects (1698), but it was not until the poem The True-born Englishman (1701), that he received any real fame. An ill-timed satire, The Shortest Way with Dissenters (1702), an ironic defense of High Church against nonconformists, resulted in Defoe's being imprisoned. He was rescued by Robert Harley and later served the statesman as a political agent. He turned to writing novels when he was over fifty.
Defoe has been
called the father of modern journalism; during his lifetime he
was associated with 26 periodicals. From 1704 to 1713 he
published and wrote a Review, a miscellaneous journal concerned
with the affairs of Europe. He was nearly sixty when he turned
to writing novels. In 1719 he published his famous Life and
Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Based in part
on the experiences of Alexander Selkirk, Robinson Crusoe
describes the daily life of a man marooned on a desert island.
Although there are exciting episodes in the novel, its main
interest lies in the way in which Crusoe overcomes the
extraordinary difficulties of life on the island. Robinson
Crusoe is considered by some critics to be the first true novel
in English. Defoe's great novels were not published under his
name but as authentic memoirs. Two excellent examples of his
semihistorical recreations are the picturesque adventure Moll
Flanders (1722), the story of a London prostitute and thief, and
an account of the 1665 great plague in London entitled A Journal
of the Plague Year (1722). His other major works include Captain
Singleton (1720), Colonel Jack (1722), Roxana (1724), and A Tour
through the Whole Island of Great Britain (1724-1727).
following sentences into English.
Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык.
Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part
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