Английский (топики/темы): Mikhail Sholokhov
Sholokhov, an outstanding Russian Soviet novelist, was born in the Kamensk region of Russia, in the 'land of the Cossacks' — in stanitsa Veshenskaya. His father was at times a farmer, cattle trader. His mother was illiterate but learned to read and write in order to correspond with her son.
Sholokhov began writing at 17. The Birthmark, Sholokhov's first story, appeared when he was 19. In 1922 Sholokhov moved to Moscow to become a journalist, but he had to support himself through manual labour. From 1922 to 1924 he changed many jobs, but he also participated in writers 'seminars/ In 1924 Sholokhov returned to Veshesnkaya and devoted himself entirely to writing. In the same year he got married and had two daughters and two sons.
His first book Tales from the Don (1926), a volume of stories about the Cossacks of his native region during World War I and the Russian Civil War, won him the 1965 Nobel Prize for Literature. In the same year Sholokhov began writing And Quiet Flows the Don, which earned the Stalin Prize and took him fourteen years to complete (1928—1940). It became the most read work of Soviet fiction and was a powerful example of socialist realism. Virgin Soil Upturned, which took 28 years to complete, reflects life during collectivization in the Don area. The short story The Fate of a Man (1957) was made into a popular Russian film and his unfinished novel They Fought for Their Country is about the Great Patriotic War. During World War II Sholokhov wrote for various journals. His collected works was published in eight volumes between 1956 and 1960.
Sholokhov has been accused of plagiarizing And Quiet Flows the Don. A 1984 monograph demonstrated through computer study that Sholokhov was indeed the likely author of the book. And in 1987, several thousand pages of notes and drafts of the work were discovered and authenticated.
In 1937 he was elected to the Soviet Parliament. In 1959 he accompanied Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev on a trip to Europe and the United States. He became a member of the CPSU Central Committee in 1961, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1939, and was a member of the USSR Supreme Soviet. He was twice awarded Hero of Socialist Labour, and later became vice president of the Association of Soviet Writers.
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Из пособия "ЕГЭ. Английский язык.
Устные темы" Занина Е.Л. (2010, 272с.) - Part
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