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- , . . , , .1865-1950. - . - , , , , . . . , , .

, .

(1830-1886) - . . , " . . . , . " -, . , , , , , . . 10- , , , . . .

. ". " , . - --, , .

. , . 1905., (Captain Crig", 1902) -. (The Town Down the River", 1910). : (The Man Against the Jky, 1916), " (The Threc Taverns, 1920).

. , . . .

: ( 20- ), , , . , , , " , . - , . . , , .

" -- - (The Jpoon River Antology) .

. 1898. , , . . . , , . . . , -. .

- , , , " . . , . . . - .

i . . . . , - -. . - . .

" . 1913 , " (General William Booth Enters into Haven), . . . , . , .

1914. (Congo) . , ".

. : , .

. . , , , .

. .

. . , . , . , .

, . 1961. -" . . " 10- . .

1913. . (A Boys Will). 1914. " (North of Boston). 45 . , , . , . , .

. . . . , .

. . , , , -, , , ". , . , , , . . , , ". . , -, -, .

, ", , . . . - . , , .

- : (The Reckless Ecstasy", 1904) " (The Plaint of a Rose, 1905). . . . " ", . . , - ; , . i . : , .

, . . . . , , - , ". , , , , , , ". : - , - ". . . , , .

, , : " - . " - . , - , . , , . " .

, , . , . . 10- . , . , . , . . . - , . - , .

1918. . " (Cornhuskers). , ", . , , . - .

10- - 20- - . . .

" (Smoke and Steel", 1920) , .. ". " . , , , . , ", , ". . . " . , 1914... .

20- . . .

. - ! (The People, Yes, 1936). , , , . . " . . , .

107 , . - ! . . , . , .

- " (The Sandburg Range", 1953) (Havest Poems", 1960) - , . , , , .

, . . . ", , ". , : ". , . , ... .

, . ". . : , : ... - , - . , , , ... " ". , . . , , , ". . - , . , , , .

, . . 1909. , , ". . , .

", , , ". , . . . . . , .

. , (A Fen Donts by a Imagist): , . . , ".

. . , , : , . , . , , , , , ". , . , , .

, . , . , .. , .. . . , . , . .

, , : , . , . . , . , , , .

(1885-1972), , , . . 1908. , . , . , . 20- . . 1929. , . . . . . . 1958., - , . , .

, , , . : , , . , . . , , , .

, : (1908, ) " (1909, ). 1925. () . . . ( 100) " .

. , . " , . , , , . . . .

. : ; , .

. " (Hugh Selvyn Mauberly", 1920). . . . , . , - .

, , . . " . , -, - ( ). - ". . .. , -, ".

. , , . , . , . , . , . . , , , .

, .

. . , , . . i . .

, . , . , 1923. ". , .

. 26 1988 . - . 1910. , . , . . 1913-1914. , , .

- . , ", 1935. . 1948.. , VI ". 1965 . . , . - , , , .

. . " . .. , , , . , .

1916.. . , , . .

. , 400 . - , -. - " (1919) (1948) - , , . . , , , , , . " , . , , , , . - . . , . , . , . . , . , , , . , , , . , , , , .

1950. " . . , , : , , , , - - . , , ".

- . 20- . , , - . , ". , , , , .

. " (Prufrock and Other Observations, 1917) . , . (The Love Sond of J. Alfred Prufrock) . , . , " - , ". .

, . , - . - , , . i , : ", . , . : ?. : ... . , :


No! I am not Prince Hamlet, nor

was meant to be;

Am an attendant lord, one that

will do

To swell a progress, start a sense

or two,

Advice the prince i no doubt, an

easy tool,

Referential, glad to be use,

Politic, cautious, and meticulous;

Full of high sentence, but

a bit obtuse;

At times, indeed, almoust ridiculous

Almost, at times, the Fool!


, , . :


And I have known the eyes

already, known

them all -

The eyes that fix you in a formulated phrase,

And when I am formulated, sprawing

on a pin,

When I am pinned and wriggling

on the wall,

Then how should I begin


. . , , .

1920. . Poems. (Gerontion) - . , , . . .


History has many passages,

Contrived corridors

And issues, deceives with whispering

ambitious,

Guide us by vanities. Think know

She gives when our attention is

distracted

And when she gives, gives with such

Supple confusions


: . - , . , , - .

(Sweeney Among the Nightinggales", 1920) - . . ", . .

, , , ", 1922 (The Waste Land). waste : ". , , . . , - , . , " , , , , - .

. , . , :


We are the roots that clutch,

want branches grow

Out of this stony rubbish? Son of man,

You cannot say, or guess,

for you know only

A heap of broken images,

where the sun beats,

And the dead tree gives no

shelter

the cricket no relief,

And the dry stone no

Sound of water


, , , . , . . .

" . . , . " .

. - , -. - , , . .

, . .

" (Ash - Wednesday, 1930). , . , .

(The Hollon men, 1925). , ". :


Shape without form, shape

without colour,

Paralysed force, gesture without

motion;

Those who have crossed

with direct eyes, fo deaths

other Kingdom

Remember us - if all-not

as lort

Violent souls, but only

As the hollow men

The stuffed men.


- 20- . : , . (1930 ) (1936-1943 ) . - , .

, . ; .

- . , , . . . " . - - - -.

10- XX , : , , . , " , , , . , , .

. , ; , . , , - , , , , .

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. . , ", ". , , . . . . , , .

, - . , , , .


/.


accent


, .


acrostic



allegory



alliteration



allusive


; ,


amphibrachys



amplification



analects



analogy



analyse


( )


anapaest



annotation


,


anticlimax



antiguity



antonym



aphorism



apocryphal



apologue



application



assonance


,


asyndeton


,


autobiography



avant-garde



character



classicism



comedy



content



counteridea



couplel



critique


,


cubism



dactyl



description



dialogue



drama



elegy



elision



ellipsis



emphasis


()


epic



epigram



epigraph



epitaph



epithalamium


,


epithet



ex-libris



excursus



existentialism



exposition



expressionism



fiction



free-verse



futurism



genre


, ,


heroic verse



hymn



iambus



idea



image


,


impressionism



interpretation



legend



lyric



measure



metaphor



method



metre


, ()


modernism



myth



mythology



naturalism



novel


,


novelet (t) e


,


pattern



pentameter



poem


,


poetical


,


poetics



poetry


,


prose



prosody



quatrain



realism



rhyme


,


rhythm


, ()


romance


,


romanticism



sketches



sonnet



stanza


,


story


,


shot story


; ,


surrealism



syllabic


,


symbol



symbolism



tragedy



tragicomedy



versification



writing


, , ( )


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