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ISSN 2074-272X. . 2015. 2
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[11]:
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Vk - .
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, , [4] :
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, 50-70 b = 20, ( 2 . 4) .
, - (. 3,) . .
. . 5 , .
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. 5
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1 (. 3,) 39 (. 7,) 43 (. 7,). (. 8,) ,
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6 (. 3,) 18 (. 8,6).
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1. . . : .2.6698:2009 -[ 2011-06-01]. - .: 2011 -71 . - ( ).
2. . (ISO 6935-2:1991, NEQ): 3760:2006 - [ 2007-10-01]. - .: - 2007 - 28 . - ( ).
3. .., .. . -.: -, 2005. - 448 .
4. .., .. // . - 2014. - 4. - . 8-10.
5. .., .., .. // . - 2013. - 6. - . 72-76.
6. .., .., .., .. - // . - 2010. - 3. - . 8-11. /Standard Building Biology Testing Methods: SBM-2008 -[Acting from July 2008]. - Germany: Institut fur Baubiologie + Okologie IBN, 2008. - 5 p. (www.createhealthyhomes.com/SBM-2008.pdf).
8. .., .., .., - .. // . ». - 2008. - . 2. - . 3-8.
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9. .. : . . ... . . : 05.09.03 / , . - ., 2010. - 21 .
10. .., .., .. // . -2010. - 4. - . 35-43.
11. .., .., .. // . - 2014. - 1. - . 12-19.
12. .. . - .-.: . , 1941. - 283 .
13. .. // . . F. , . - -: - . . .. , 1994. - . 169-176.
14. .., .., .., .., .. . - .: . , 2004. - 106 .
15. http://www.baufritz.com.
REFERENCES
1. DBN B. 2.6698:2009. Konstruktsii budynkiv i sporyd. Betonni ta zalizobetonni konstrukii. Osnovni polozhennia [National Standard DBN B. 2.6698:2009. Construction of buildings and structures. Concrete and reinforced concrete structures. The main provisions]. Kyiv, Minrehionbud Publ., 2011. 71 p. (Ukr).
2. DSTU 3760:2006. Prokat armaturnnyi dlia zalizobetonnukh konstrukstii. Zahalni tekhnichni umovy [National Standard DSTU 3760:2006. Reinforcing steel bars for concrete reinforcement. General technical conditions]. Kyiv, Derzhspozhy-vstandart Ukrainy Publ., 2007. 28 p. (Ukr).
3. Setkov V.I., Serbin E.P. Stroitel'nye konstruktsii [The building structures]. Moscow, INFRA- Publ., 2005. 448 . (Rus).
4. Rozov V.Yu., Levina S.V. Modeling of the static geomagnetic field indoor dwelling houses. Tekhnichna elektrodynamika - Technical electrodynamics, 2014, no.4, pp. 8-10. (Rus).
5. Rozov V.Yu., Pelevin D.Ye., Levina S.V. Experimental research into indoor static geomagnetic field weakening phenomenon. Elektrotekhnika elektromekhanika - Electrical engineering & electromechanics, 2013, no.6, pp. 72-76. (Rus).
6. Serduk A.M., Grigoriev P.Ye., Akimenko V.Y., Protas S.V. Ecological significance of the geomagnetic field and the medical and biological conditions of hygienic regulation of its weakening in Ukraine. Dovkillia i zdorovia - Environment and Health. 2010, no.3, pp. 8-11. (Ukr).
7. Standard of Building Biology Testing Methods: SBM-2008
[Acting from July 2008]. Germany: Institut fur Baubiologie + Okologie IBN, 2008, 5 p. Available at:
www.createhealthvhomes.com/SBM-2008.pdf.
8. Rozov V.Yu., Rezinkina M.M., Dumanskiy Yu.D., Gvoz-denko L.A. The study of man-caused distortions in the geomagnetic field of residential and industrial buildings and to identify ways to reduce them to a safe level. Tekhnichna elektrodynamika. Tematychnyj vypusk Problemy suchasnoyi elektrotekhniky» -Technical electrodynamics. Thematic issue Problems of modern electrical engineering». 2008, chapter 2, pp. 3-8. (Rus).
9. Pelevin D.Ye. Systemy kompensatsii tekhnohennykh spot-voren heomahnitnoho polia na robochykh mictsiakh opera-tyvnoho personalu elektroenerhetychnykh obiektiv. vtoref. diss. kand. tekh. nauk [Systems of compensation of technogenic distortions of the geomagnetic field on working places of operative personnel of electrical-power objects. Abstracts of cand. tech. sci. diss.]. Kharkiv, 2010. 21 p. (Ukr).
10. Ryabov Yu.G., Lomaev G.V., Kuleshova D.S. Idea of geomagnetic field recovery in screened objects. Tekhnologii elektromagnit-noi sovmestimosti - Technologies of electromagnetic compatibility, 2010, no.4, pp. 35-43. (Rus).
11. Rozov V.Yu., Reutskiy S.Yu., Levina S.V. The study of the effect of weakening of static geomagnetic field by steel columns. Tekhnichna elektrodynamika - Technical electrodynamics, 2014, no.1, pp. 12-19. (Rus).
12. Janowski BM. Zemnoi magnetizm [Earth's magnetism]. Moscow-Leningrad, Glavsevmorputi Publ., 1941.283 p. (Rus).
13. Grigor'ev B.P. Actual problems of physical field reduction of ships. Mezhdunarodnaia konferentsiia po sudostroeniiu. Trudy. Sektsiia F. Sudovaia elektrodinamika, magnetizm i gidrofizika [International Conference of Shipbuilding. Proceedings. Section F. Ship electrodynamics, magnetism and hydrophysics]. Saint Petersburg, Publishing of TsNII im. acad. A.N. Krylov, 1994, pp. 169-176. (Rus).
14. Horodetskii A.S., Batrak L.H., Horodetskii D.A., Lezniuk M.V., Yusipenko S.V. Raschet i proektirovanie konstruktsii vysotnykh zdanii iz monolitnogo zhelezobetona [The calculation and design construction the high-rise building of reinforced concrete]. Kyiv, Fact Publ., 2004. p. 106. (Rus).
15. Available at: http://www.baufritz.com (accessed 06 March 2015).
(received) 10.03.2015
1, ..., .-. , 2, ..., .,
2, ..., .,
1, ...,
1 », 61106, , . , 19, / 72,
e-mail: gretskyh@gmail.com
2 . .. ,
61002, , . , 12, e-mail: Azavalniy@i.ua
V.Yu. Rozov1, A. V. Zavalnyi2, S.M. Zolotov2, S.V. Gretskikh1
1 State Institution Institute of Technical Problems of Magnetism of the NAS of Ukraine»,
19, Industrialna Str., Kharkiv, 61106, Ukraine.
2 O.M. Beketov Kharkiv National University of Municipal Economy,
12, Revolution Str., Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine.
The normalization methods of the static geomagnetic field inside houses.
In the paper, we show the necessity of normalization of the static geomagnetic field (GMF) inside high-rise frame-monolithic houses to safe values (90% of the natural rate at least). Massive ferromagnetic construction of these buildings significantly (up to 50 %) weakens the natural GMF. The normalization methods are based on mathematical modeling of GMF in a residential area. Simplified physical models of reinforced concrete building structures are developed and used. The results of experimental studies are also used in the framework of the development of the methods. The following methods of normalization of GMF are presented and justified: 1) the use of special steel with a relative permeability less than 70 in housing construction; 2) restrictions on the use of long steel elements with the elongation coefficient in the critical range of 4<b<28; 3) demagnetization of steel reinforcement before installing; 4) preventing the magnetization of steel reinforcement in the construction process. Practical recommendations for the design of magnetic clean» houses with comfortable living conditions in connection to the GMF are proposed. References 15, figures 8.
Key words: static magnetic field, reinforced concrete structures, normalization of the geomagnetic field in the premises.
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