629.7.05
/

. .
/

() (), [1, 2]. , , . [3].
- ( ) - .
[4] , , . , :
- , ( );
- ;
- (- ), ;
- () ;
- , ;
- , ;
- .
-. , , .

- * () , * - , * , , , , . * /(, 5; t) = /(5)(, t), (0 5^) ^ ..
(5)(0 = | / (, , 5 = . (1)
5 [1]:
= - (V((5), (5), t) - vrs ((5), (5), t)) + 2, {5) ((5\ 2, ^),
= 1 = 1
(5) = /(5) (? (5), t) + ( (5), (), t) [() - (5)] + (5) ( (5), t) ? (- (? (5), t)), (2)
= 1 5 (t)
(1 ) ( (5) ;) (5)( (5 )t)
(5) = (5 ) 7 ? , > +(5 ) + /0(5) ( (1), t) /0(5 ) ( (51), t) +
+ ^ (1? (), (), t) ( () - (5 ) + (1? () -1? (5 ))( () -1? (5 )) ).
54 . . (*) ( ), ( )
2 2
= ^^--+ ) - = --+ ) -
X X
2
, : ,((---) - -
X
X , -
2
= cos(t--- ) .
X

E1 = Emax1C0S(roi " kS1 + 1) E2 = Emax2C0S(rot - kS2 + 2) ,
S1, S2 - , .

J 12 = J1 + J2 + 2JJcosVg, Vg = (kS1 -kS2) + (1 +2) (3)

Emax = Emax1 + Emax2 + 2Emax1Emax2 C0S Vg. (4)
* , :
vg = (kS1 -kS2) + (1 +2) = const, vg > 0, J12 > J1 + J2, ( J1 = J2 ^ J = 4J2).
cos Vg = 2, n = 1, 2, 3,..., , .. . , - * » . ( k -2
=
^ Emi
i =1
) .
[1, 2]:
(0 = (?) [- (0 + (?)], (5)
(?), (?) - , * ; (?) - , .
. *
sin2
I (r) = I ( r )-
F (r )T
f V (r /
(6)
I(), 10() - - , » ; V(), - () -; X - . . . , . . , . . ( ) * ( ) :
I. = 1038
2

008
(7)
0 < < I = I
05
1

, 8> , -
_
( =).
[1-3] * (1) N(1)
X (/) = 5 (7)+N (7). (8)
, () N(1) - , , N(1) = 0, N(1 ),(1 -) = (), , () = (-) - () () N(1), .
() = | ()-7 .
, [1]
2() = - ()
<
82( /2)
.

(1) = 0 + (1) [1]
=
4.
1 [ 2 =^=[=
22 2

() () ~ (0), 8 | |> 1, 8 - .
(, * , .), , - , 7- - [1, 2]
(1) = (27, ) \ ]
1 -
4 -2 (2 - 2 )2 X X
(9)
, 2 - , 7(27, ) * , .
* , , - [1, 2]:
2
1 +
2 () = lim ^ | t )* (^2, t + ),
2 -
; ((, t) -
.
,
0 < |N (, (2, )< 1,
0 1 , .. , ( (2, ,
N ((1, (2, ) = 1.
(( (2, ) = 0 1 2,
(, (2, ) = (, )8((-(2).
[1, 2]
5(0 = $(t) = (,)] ]
X XDnK
(10)
- ( ) [1, 2, 6]:
5 (, 0 = [- t ], (11)
, - N(0, , , .
- » [2, 6]:
= I1, 0(1, ,) < ; (12)
0 2 ' [2, 0 (1, , ) > ,
- ; - * ; 1 - ; - ; 2 - ; = 1 - 2 - N(0; 0,0 - ; 2 (, 0, * , 1 - - [2, 6]:
|2(, 0 = (-) + N(0;
X(, = < (13)
[, t) = N^).
(14)
- 0(, ) : 0(1, , ) = ( , ) ^ + 1 [^, , ) + (1, , ) ]|; (1 , ) = || g (1, ) X (, ) -1 (1, ) |;

(1, , ) = g(1, )X(, ) -0(^, ); 0

^11 (1, , ) = g (1, ) X (, ) -(0 (1, ); 0

g(1, ) = | g (1, )/(1, ); g(1 .) = (1 / ^ ) (-); 0
= 1/ ( - ), /(1, ) = 3(u, ),
, - .
g( ), 0( ,) 1 . [6]
0( ) = --^ - (-2). (15)
1 2GN^

(,, ) = (1/ GN) (-); g(ul, ) = 0;
0 ( ) = --^(1 - (-2)); (16)
1 ^
0(1, ) = -^41 - (-2)).
1 ^
(14) ,
0 (1, u, ) = '
1 + -( 12(,) + 1(,) + 21 + dGN
2GN

2 |
]1(,) + 0^ 1(,) = (-) X (, ) ; (17)
[ GN 4 GN ] 0
1 = (1 - (-)) / ; = 2 / 4; = 1 / 2.

2, 0( ,) > ; 7 u,) = ] 1 ( 1 ) < (18)
1 [ 1, 0(1,,) < ,
() [6, 7] - ^ = = 0; = 48; = 1/24 GN = 6; = 5; = 5;
1 = 0,2; = 0,01; = 0,1; = 1,5, 2 = 0,4; 1 = 0,6 0 / 0 = 0,042. , 25 , [6, 7].

V( ^ ) [2,°,)>; (19)
(, ) = ^ ( ^ ) < (19)
[1, (, , ) < ,
, , .
*, N, ** . 0 91 02 , 01 (,,) = (,, ) (,1) = 1(, ?), 02 - , (,1) = X2(, ?). [7] * = 0,092; = 4,47; * = 50,34 . , (11), 0,351, (18) = *, = *, = * 0,442. [8, 9].

* , (. 1) . - -, - [3], .
. 1. : 1 - ; 2 - ; 3 - ; 4 - -; 5 - ; 6 - ; 7 - ; 8 - ; 9 - ; 10 - ; 11 - ; 12 - - ; 13 -
( 54 ) - 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 9, 13. 11 - 12, () 10 . 6 5 - 4. 13, (). . , , - 10. 1 2 3, 7, . , , - 12. , , , , . . 7 6 5 - 4. , - 4 , .
. 2 - 1 . () 2, .

. 2. : 1 - -; 2 -
- 7 . . 13, , -. : -, . , . . 3.
: -, , .
. 3.

- [3, 4], .
( ) . : -, , . () .

1. , . . / . . // . - 2009. - 1. - . 70-76.
2. , . . / . . // - . - 2009. - 10. - . 73-77.
3. 2304760. / . . . - 2007, . 23.
4. , . . / . . // . - 2008. - 130. - . 167-171.
5. 2302030. / . . . - 2007, . 170.
6. , . . / . . . - . : -, 1984. - 356 .
7. , . . / . . , . . . -. : . . . . , 1983.
8. , . . /8 / . . // . - 2014. - 2 (6). - . 46-50.
9. , . . / . . , . . // . - 2014. - 1 (5). - . 65-70.
629.7.05 , . .
/ . . // . - 2014. - 3 (7). - . 22-31.

,
,

. . .
(117997, , . , . , 65)
8-(495)-334-84-79
E-mail: avp57avp@yandex.ru
Poltavskiy Aleksandr Vasil'evich
doctor of technical sciences, leading researcher,
Institute of management problems
of Russian academy of sciences
named after V. A. Trapeznikov
(117997, 65 Profsoyuznaya street, Moscow, Russia)
. - () . (). .
Abstract. Coherent method for realizing of the device for modules-units start monitoring of phased antenna array is suggested. Application area of the coherent method includes radar systems with improved special selectivity within systems for the detection of poorly-observable objects and for monitoring at the environment of advanced multi-functional pilotless flying apparatuses. Device of selective detection of poorly-obsevvable objects in radar systems of on-board control set at pilotness flying apparatuses is considered.
: , - Key words: antenna, radar system, phased antenna array. , .